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Schaffner, P.E. (1996). Treatment modes for variables: An updated systematic approach to research design(s). Third annual teaching institute of the American Psychological Society, San Francisco.
Schaffner, P.E. & Sunderland, L. (1996). Duty, care, and aspiration orientations pervade parents' parenting advice. Sixth annual scientific meeting of the American Psychology Society, San Francisco.
Schaffner, P.E. (1994). Rediscovering the people within social movements. Contemporary Psychology.
Stone, W.F. & Schaffner, P.E. (1988). The Psychology of Politics. New York: Springer-Verlag.