It is a good idea to pursue a topic you have already done some work in, perhaps in a seminar or an independent study. It is important to choose something you really care about, since you will be intimately and exhaustingly committed to this topic for an entire academic year.
All honors projects use primary sources, whether they be literary or visual texts, diaries or letters, oral histories or survey responses, government documents or newspapers, so you will want to determine what is available to you as soon as possible. For projects dependent on fieldwork, we highly encourage you to think ahead and capitalize on study away opportunities for honors preparation.
You will need to formulate a focused research question and an argument, not merely collect material or rehash what has already been written about your topic. This is the principal difference between an honors thesis and other term papers or independent studies you may have done. Your thesis will require you to place your argument clearly within the scholarly literature on your topic, responding to past thinkers. Although you begin the project with a working question or hypothesis, the final formulation of your question and argument may not emerge until rather late in the process, so you may need to constantly set and revise your framework. This is a normal part of conducting an extended research project, mirroring the process faculty go through in their own scholarship.