Professor of Philosophy
Chair of Philosophy Department
Edward Pols House - 104
We see ourselves as rational agents: we have beliefs, desires, intentions, wishes, hopes, etc. We also have the ability to perform actions, seemingly in light of these beliefs, desires, and intentions. Is our conception of ourselves as rational agents consistent with our scientific conception of human beings as biological organisms? Can there be a science of the mind and, if so, what is its status relative to other sciences? What is the relationship between mind and body? How do our mental states come to be about things in the world? How do we know our own minds, or whether other people even have minds? Readings primarily from contemporary sources.
Science is often thought of as the paradigm of rational inquiry, as a method that gives us an unparalleled ability to understand the nature of the world. Others have doubted this rosy picture, and have emphasized historical and sociological aspects of the practice of science. Investigates the nature of science and scientific thought by looking at a variety of topics, including the demarcation of science and non-science, relativism and objectivity, logical empiricism, scientific revolutions, and scientific realism.
Free Will and Action Explanation: a Non-Causal, Compatibilist Account. Oxford University Press, 2016
Teleological Realism: Mind, Agency, and Explanation, MIT Press, 2005
“Davidson’s Challenge to the Non-Causalist”, (with Guido Löhrer), American Philosophical Quarterly (2016): 85-96.
“Epistemic Issues in the Free Will Debate: Can We Know When We Are Free?”, Philosophical Studies (2013): 363-380.
“Action Explanation and the Free Will Debate: How Incompatibilist Arguments Go Wrong.” Philosophical Issues (2012): 351-368.
“Taking Procrustes’ Axe to Professor Fisher’s Response,” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, Volume 17 (2011): 1009-10, co-authored with Donald Stanley.
“A Flawed Conception of Determinism in the Consequence Argument,” Analysis, Volume 71 (2010): 30-38. Prepublication copy here.
“The Problem of Evil: Skeptical Theism Leads to Moral Paralysis,” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. 67:2 (2010)
“Evidence and Simplicity: Why We Should Reject Homeopathy,” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, Volume 16 (2010): 276-281.Prepublication copy here.
“Applying the Simplicity Principle to Homeopathy: What Remains?” Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, Volume 15:1 (2010).
“Teleology and Degrees of Freedom,” Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie, Volume 17:1 (2008): 123-144.
“A philosophical analysis of the evidence-based medicine debate,” BMC Health Services Research 2003, 3:14, . Co-authored with Donald E. Stanley. Also translated into Chinese and published in Medicine and Philosophy 25:2 (2004): 21-24 and 25:3 (2004): 30-33.
“An Argument Against the Causal Theory of Action Explanation,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 60:1(2000): 67-85.
“Connectionism and the Causal Theory of Action Explanation,” Philosophical Psychology, 11:4(1998): 511-531.
“Natural-Kind Terms and the Status of Folk Psychology,” American Philosophical Quarterly, 34:3(1997): 333-344.
“Deviant Causal Chains and the Irreducibility of Teleological Explanation,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78:2 (1997): 195-213.
“Okin on Feminism and Rawls,” The Philosophical Forum, 27 (1996): 321-332.
“Teleology and the Nature of Mental States,” American Philosophical Quarterly, 31 (1994): 63-72.
“The Causal Theory of Action and the Commitments of Common Sense Psychology,” in Reasons and Causes: Causalism and Non-causalism in the Philosophy of Action, Giuseppina D’Oro, ed. Palgrave Macmillan (2013)
“Pro-Attitudes,” in International Encyclopedia of Ethics, Hugh LaFollette, John Deigh, and Sarah Stroud, eds. Wiley-Blackwell. (2013)
“Teleology,” in Encyclopedia of the Mind. Sage Publications. (2013)
Review of Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action, Jesùs Aguilar and Andrei Buckareff, (Eds. ), Ethics 122:1(2011), pp. 168-174.
“Teleological Explanation,” in Blackwell Companion to Philosophy of Action, Timothy O’Connor and Constantine Sandis, eds. Blackwell. (2010).
“Dementors, Horcruxes, and Immortality: The Soul in Harry Potter,” in Harry Potter and Philosophy: Hogwarts for Muggles, William Irwin and Gregory Bassham, eds. Wiley (2010).
Review of Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi Mark Timmons, John Greco, Alfred R. Mele (eds.) Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, March 16, 2008.
“Goal-Directed Action and Teleological Explanation,” in Causation and Explanation, Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O’Rourke, and Harry Silverstein, eds. MIT Press. (2007)
Review of A Most Unlikely God: A Philosophical Enquiry into the Nature of God, by Barry Miller, Philosophy in Review, 18:2 (1998): 129-131.
Review of Logical Learning Theory: A Human Teleology and Its Empirical Support, by Joseph F. Rychlak, The Philosophical Quarterly, 46 (1996): 246-248.
Review of Subjectivity and Reduction by Barbara Hannan, Canadian Philosophical Reviews, 15 (1995): 250-252.
“Rationalizing Principles and Causal Explanation” (with Guido Löhrer)
Invited paper at FernUniversität, Hagen, “Causalism and Anti-Causalism in Historical Explanations,” March 2016
“Moral Relativism and Disagreement” (with Guido Löhrer)
Invited paper, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, January 2016
“Davidson and Carnap: Naturalism, Relativism, and Nihilism”
Invited paper, University College Freiburg, July 2015
“Frege and Davidson: Logical Aliens and Interpretation”
Invited paper, Universität Erfurt, May 2015
Invited paper, University College Freiburg, May 2015
Society for the Study of the History of Analytic Philosophy, Dublin, June 2015
Invited paper, Royal Institute for Philosophy, Keele University, October 2014.
Invited paper at the Workshop on Free Will, Metaphysics, and Science, University of Tennesee, April, 2014.
“Irreducible Teleology and Deviant Causal Chains,” Paper given at the Pacific Division meetings of the American Philosophical Association, April 2014.
“Davidson’s Challenge to the Non-causalist”, (with Guido Löhrer)
Invited paper at the Pacific Division meetings of the American Philosophical Association, March 2013.
World Philosophy Congress, Athens, Greece, August 2013.
Invited paper at “50 years of Actions, Reasons, and Causes,” Duisburg, Germany, September 2013.
“Deviant Causal Chains: Still a Problem for the Causal Theory of Action?”
Invited paper at Universität Erfurt, July 2012.
“Teleology and Free Will”
Invited paper at the Greater Philadelphia Philosophy Consortium conference on Aristotle and Philosophy of Action, March 2012.
“Epistemic Issues in the Free Will Debate: Can We Know When We Are Free?”
Bowdoin Conference on Free Will and Moral Responsibility, October 2011.
“Response to Liu on Responsibility and Choice,”
Pacific Division meetings of the American Philosophical Association, April 2011.
“What Does it Mean to Be Good?”
Invited presentation as part of the Veritas Forum at Bowdoin College, April 2011.
“The Problem of Evil and Moral Paralysis”
Invited talk at Boston University, January 10, 2011
“Franklin and the Problem of Enhanced Control”
American Philosophical Association Meetings, Pacific Division, April 1, 2010
"Free Will and Action Explanation: How Incompatibilist Arguments Go Wrong."
Invited presentation at the Socieda Filosofica Ibero Americana
Conference on Philosophy of Action, Huatulco, Mexico, January 2010.
“Free Will and Action Explanation: Where the Consequence Argument Goes Wrong.”
Invited talk, University of Bonn, July, 2009
“Professors do much more than teach and advise,” Bowdoin Orient, October 11, 2012, (co-authored with Barbara Weiden Boyd, Kristen Ghodsee, Page Herrlinger, John Holt, Steve Naculich, and Steve Perkinson.)
“Job shortage, fraught future for students,” Bowdoin Orient, November 18, 2011 (co-authored with Kristen Ghodsee).
“Judging who’s fit to be tied” (op-ed on gay marriage), Brunswick Times Record, June 6, 2008.
"Filibuster Tactic Smacks of Hypocrisy," (PDF) Op-ed piece in Portland Press Herald, April 25, 2005.
"Tax Cap Proponents' Suggestion Would Create Free-Loaders," Op-ed piece in Brunswick Times Record,October 8, 2004.
“Iraq not ‘War on Terror,’” Brunswick Times Record, March 26, 2004.
"Arguments Against Gay Marriage Don't Hold Up," Op-ed piece in Brunswick Times Record, February 27, 2004.
“Supports the Troops; Not Bush Decisions,” Op-ed piece in Brunswick Times Record, March 28, 2003.
“Rights not absolute,” Brunswick Times Record, October 31, 2001.
“There is no ban on school prayer,” Op-ed piece in Brunswick Times Record, September, 2001.
“Immorality of homosexuality based on Bible is challenged,” Op-ed piece in Brunswick Times Record, September 29, 2000.
“Homosexuality Is Not Immoral, Despite Scriptural Prohibition,” Op-ed piece in Portland Press Herald, June 27, 1997. Also reprinted in the Binghamton, NY Press & Sun Bulletin, August 14, 1997.