Publications of the Bowdoin Scientific Station

As of November 21, 2017, 217 scientific articles have been published in professional journals based on research conducted at Kent Island.  Numbers in parentheses represent contribution numbers from the Bowdoin Scientific Station.

** Indicates papers based on research initiated while one or more of the authors was an undergraduate.

 §       Denotes papers based on research initiated while one or more of the authors was a graduate student.


** Gross, W.A.O. 1935. The life history cycle of Leach's Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa leucorhoa) on the outer sea islands of the Bay of Fundy. Auk 52: 382-399. (1)

** Gross, W.A.O. 1936. Kent's Island -- Outpost of Science. Natural History 37: 195-210.

      Gross, A.O. 1937. Birds of the Bowdoin-MacMillan Arctic Expedition. Auk 54: 12-42. (2)

** Gross, T.A. 1937. Designing the first stage of the speech amplifier. Q.S.T. 21: 33-100.

      Gross, A.O. 1938. Eider Ducks of Kent's Island. Auk 55: 387-400. (3)

** Gross, T.A. 1938. Operation of zero-bias modulators. Radio 230: 21-23.

      Pettingill, O.S., Jr. 1939. The bird life of the Grand Manan Archipelago. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science 19: 293-372. (5)



      Griffin, D.R. 1940. Homing experiments with Leach's Petrels. Auk 57: 61-74. (6)

      Gross, A.O. 1940. The migration of Kent Island Herring Gulls. Bird-Banding 11: 129-155. (7)

** Cunningham, R.M. 1941. Chloride content of fog water in relation to air trajectory. Bulletin of the American Meterological Society 22: 17-20. (8)

      Gross, A.O. 1944. Food of the Snowy Owl.  Auk 61: 1-18. (9)

** Poor, H.H. 1944. Color-banded adult Herring Gulls. Bird-Banding 15: 112-114.

      Gross, A.O. 1944. The present status of the American Eider on the Maine coast. Wilson Bulletin 56: 15-26 (10)

      Gross, A.O. 1944. The present status of the Double-crested Cormorant on the coast of Maine. Auk 61: 513-537. (12)

      Gross, A.O. 1945. The present status of the Great Black-Backed Gull on the coast of Maine. Auk 62: 241-256. (13)

      Gross, A.O. 1945. The Laughing Gull on the coast of Maine. Bird-Banding 16: 53-58. (14)

      Gross, A.O. 1945. The Black duck nesting on the outer coastal islands of Maine. Auk 62: 620-622. (15)

      Gross, A.O. 1947. Recoveries of banded Leach's Petrels. Bird-Banding 18: 117-126. (16)

**  Paynter, R.A.1947. The fate of banded Kent Island Herring Gulls. Bird-Banding 18: 156-170. (17)

      Gross, A.O. 1947. Cyclic invasions of the Snowy Owl and the migration of 1945-1946. Auk 64: 584-601. (18)

**  Winn, H.E. 1947. The Black Guillemots of Kent Island. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society 31. (19)

      Gross, A.O. 1948. Gulls of Muskeget Island. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society 32: 43-46. (20)

**  Paynter, R.A. 1949. Clutch-size and the egg and chick mortality of Kent Island Herring Gulls. Ecology 30: 146-166. (21)

      Folk, G.E., Jr. 1949. Body temperature of Leach’s Petrel. Anatomic Record 105: 110.



**  Winn, H.E. 1950. The Black Guillemot of Kent Island, Bay of Fundy. Auk 67: 477-485. (22)

      Folk, G.E., Jr. 1951. Observations on the body temperature of Leach’s Petrel. Anatomical Record 111: 125.

**  Paynter, R.A. 1951. Clutch-size and egg mortality of Kent Island Eiders. Ecology 32: 497-507. (23)

**  Paynter, R.A. 1954. Interrelations between clutch-size, brood-size, prefledging survival, and weight in Kent Island Tree Swallows. Bird Banding 25: 35-58, 102-110, 136-148. (24)

      Huntington, C.E. 1954. Age discrimination in a breeding colony of the Herring Gull Larus argentatus.  Acta XI Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici: 467-469. (25)

      Houghton, H.G. 1955. On the chemical composition of fog and cloud water. Journal of Meteorology 12: 355-357.

      Huntington, C.E. 1956. The Bowdoin Scientific Station. Maine Field Naturalist 12: 2-9.

      Huntington, C.E. 1959. Notes on the Birds of the Grand Manan Archipelago. Maine Field Naturalist 15: 2-8.



      Bullock, R.C. 1961. The intertidal molluscan fauna of Kent Island, New Brunswick, Canada. Maine Field Naturalist 17:  27-31. (26)

      Benton, A.H., and V. Shatrau. 1962. Notes on a collection of bird fleas from Grand Manan, New Brunswick. Canadian Entomologist 94: 743-745. (27)

      Emlen, J.T. 1963. Determinants of cliff edge and escape responses in Herring Gull chicks in nature. Behaviour 22: 1-15. (28)

      Huntington, C.E. 1963. Population dynamics of Leach's Petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa. Proc. XIII Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici: 701-705. (29)

**  Gobeil, R.E. 1965. Butterflies on Kent Island, New Brunswick. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 19: 181-183.

**  Paynter, R.A., Jr. 1966. A new attempt to construct life tables for Kent Island Herring Gulls. Bulletin of the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology 133: 491-528. (32)

      Hailman, J.P. 1967. The ontogeny of an instinct. The pecking response in chicks of the Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla L.) and related species. Behaviour (Supplement) 15: 1-159.

**  Billings, S.M., 1968. Homing in Leach's Petrel. Auk 85: 36-43. (33)

**  Gobeil, R.E. 1968. Unusual records of summer birds on Kent Island, New Brunswick. Canadian Field-Naturalist 82: 203-209. (34)

**  Gobeil, R.E. 1968. The double scratch in the genus Passerculus. Wilson Bulletin 80: 334-335.

**  Wilbur, H.M. 1969. The breeding biology of Leach's Petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa. Auk 86: 433-442.



      Grubb, T.C., Jr. 1970. Burrow digging techniques of Leach's Petrel. Auk 87: 587-588. (35)

**  Huntington, C.E., and E.H. Burtt, Jr. 1970. Breeding and longevity in Leach's Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa). Abstract.

**  Gill, D.E., W.J.L. Sladen, and C.E. Huntington. 1970. A technique for capturing petrels and shearwaters at sea. Bird-Banding 41: 111-113. (36)

      Koetzner, K.L., and R.D. Wood. 1972. On the marine algae of Kent Island, Bay of Fundy. Rhodora 74: 264-271. (37)

      Grubb, T.C., Jr. 1972. Smell and foraging in shearwaters and petrels. Nature 237: 404-405. (39)

**  McCain, J., R.B. Pike, and A.R. Hodgdon. 1973. The vascular flora of Kent Island, Grand Manan, New Brunswick. Rhodora 75: 311-322. (40)

**  Rothstein, S.I. 1973. Plastic particle pollution of the surface of the Atlantic Ocean: evidence from a seabird. Condor 75: 344-345.

      Grubb, T.C., Jr. 1973. Colony location by Leach's Petrel. Auk 90: 78-82. (41)

      Grubb, T.C., Jr. 1974. A shift in nesting habitat by a population of Common Eiders. Wilson Bulletin 86: 461. (38)

      Grubb, T.C., Jr. 1974. Olfactory navigation to the nesting burrow in Leach's Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa). Animal Behavior 22: 192-202. (42)

**  McCain, J.W. 1975. A vegetational survey of the vascular plants of the Kent Island Group, Grand Manan, New Brunswick. Rhodora 77: 196-209. (43)

      Burtt, E.H., Jr. 1977. Some factors in the timing of parent-chick recognition in swallows. Animal Behavior 25: 231:239.

      Dixon, C.L. 1978. Breeding biology of the Savannah sparrow on Kent Island. Auk 95: 235-246.

      Fox, G.A., A.P. Gilman, D.B. Peakall, and F.W. Anderka. 1978. Behavioral abnormalities of nesting Lake Ontario Herring Gulls. Journal of Wildlife Management 42: 477-483.

      Gilman, A.P., D.J. Hallett, G.A. Fox, L.J. Allan, W.J. Learning, and D.B. Peakall. 1978. Effects of injected organochlorines on naturally incubated Herring Gull eggs. Journal of Wildlife Management 42: 484-493.

**  Harris, R.N. 1979. Influence of weather on aggression in Tree Swallows. Canadian Field-Naturalist 93: 437-438.

**  Harris, R.N. 1979. Aggression, superterritories, and reproductive success in tree swallows. Canadian Journal of Zoology 57: 2072-2078.

**  Elowe, K.D., and S. Payne. 1979. Aging young Herring Gulls from measurements of body parts. Bird-Banding 50: 49-55.

      Ricklefs, R.E., and H. Rahn. 1979. The incubation temperature of Leach's storm-petrel. Auk 96: 625-627.

      Gilman, A.P., D.B. Peakall, D.J. Hallett, G.A. Fox, and R.J. Norstrom. 1979. Herring gulls (Larus argentatus) as monitors of contamination in the Great Lakes. In Animals as monitors of environmental pollutants. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

      Grubb, T.C., Jr. 1979. Olfactory guidance of Leach’s Storm Petrel to to the breeding island. Wilson Bulletin 91: 141-143.

      Pearce, P.A., D.B. Peakall, and L.M. Reynolds. 1979. Shell thinning and residues of organochlorines and mercury in seabird eggs, eastern Canada, 1970-76. Pesticides Monitoring Journal 13: 61-68.



      Peakall, D.B., G.A. Fox, A.P. Gilman, D.J. Hallett, and R.J. Norstrom. 1980. Reproductive success of Herring Gulls as an indicator of Great Lakes Water quality. In Hydrocarbons and halogentated hydrocarbons in the aquatic environment, ed. B.K. Afghan and D. MacKay. Plenum Publishing.

      Dunn, E.H., and I.L. Brisbin, Jr. 1980. Age-specific changes in the major body components and caloric values of Herring Gull chicks. Condor 82: 398-401.

      Minot, E.O. 1980. Tidal, diurnal and habitat influences on Common Eider rearing activities. Ornis Scandinavica 11: 165-172.

      Ricklefs, R.E., S.C. White, and J. Cullen. 1980. Energetics of postnatal growth in Leach’s Storm-Petrel. Auk 97: 566-575.

      Ricklefs, R.E., S. White, and J. Cullen. 1980. Postnatal development of Leach's storm-petrel. Auk 97: 768-781.

**  Maddox, G.D., and P.F. Cannell. 1982. The butterflies of Kent Island, Grand Manan, New Brunswick. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36: 264-268.

      Burtt, E.H., Jr., and W. Chow. 1983. “Facing in" is not general to all gulls nesting on cliffs. Canadian Field Naturalist 97: 222-224.

**  Cannell, P.F., and G.D. Maddox. 1983. Population change in three species of seabirds at Kent Island, New Brunswick. Journal of Field Ornithology 54: 29-35.

      Ricklefs, R.E. 1983. Some considerations on the reproductive energetics of pelagic seabirds. Studies in Avian Biology 8: 84-94.

**  Cannell, P.F., J.D. Cherry, and K.C. Parkes. 1983. Variation and migration overlap in flight feather molt of the Rose-breasted Grosbeak. Wilson Bulletin 95: 621-627.

      Ellenton, J.A., and M.F. McPherson. 1983. Mutagenicity studies on herring gulls from different locations on the Great Lakes. I. Sister chromatid exchange rates in herring-gull embryos. Journal of Toxicology and Health 12: 317-324.

      Ellenton, J.A., M.F. McPherson, and K.L. Maus. 1983. Mutagenicity studies on herring gulls from different locations on the Great Lakes. II. Mutagenic evaluation of extracts of herring-gull eggs in a battery of in vitro mammalian and microbial tests. Journal of Toxicology and Health 12: 325-336.

      Cherry, J.D., and P. F. Cannell. 1984. Rate and timing of prebasic molt of adult Boreal Chickadees. Journal of Field Ornithology 55: 487-489.

      Williams, J.B., and R.E. Ricklefs. 1984. Egg temperature and embryo metabolism in some high-latitude procellariiform birds. Physiological Zoology 57: 118-127.

      Huntington, C.E. 1985. Kent Island.  Maine Birdlife 7: 17-21.

      Ricklefs, R.E., C.H. Day, C.E. Huntington, and J.B. Williams. 1985. Variability in feeding rate and meal size of Leach's storm-petrel at Kent Island, New Brunswick. Journal of Animal Ecology 54: 883-898.

**  Ashmun, J.W., R.L. Brown, and L.F. Pitelka. 1985. Biomass allocation in Aster acuminatus: variation within and among populations over 5 years. Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 2035-2043.

**  Pitelka, L.F., J.W. Ashmun, and R.L. Brown. 1985. The relationships between seasonal variation in light intensity, ramet size, and sexual reproduction in natural and experimental populations of Aster acuminatus (Compositae). American Journal of Botany 72: 311-319.

      Ellenton, J.A., L.J. Brownlee, and B.R. Hollebone. 1985. Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase levels in herring gull embryos from different locations on the Great Lakes. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 4: 615-22.

      Hébert, P.N., and R.M.R. Barclay. 1986. Asynchronous and synchronous hatching: effect on early growth and survivorship of Herring Gull, Larus argentatus, chicks. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64: 2357-2362.

      Moccia, R.D., G.A. Fox, and A. Britton. 1986. A quantitative assessment of thyroid histopathology of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) from the Great Lakes and a hypothesis on the causal role of environmental contaminants. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 22: 60-70.

**  McIlraith, A.L. 1986. Additions to the vascular flora of Kent Island, New Brunswick.  Rhodora 88: 441-443.

      Eliason, B.C. 1986. Female site fidelity and polygyny in the Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica striata). Auk 103: 782-790.

      Ricklefs, R.E., D.D. Roby, and J.B. Williams. 1986. Daily energy expenditure by adult Leach's storm-petrels during the nesting cycle. Physiological Zoology 59: 649-660.

      A.R. Place and D.D. Roby. 1987. Assimilation and deposition of dietary fatty acids and alcohols in Leach's storm-petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa. Journal of Experimental Zoology

      Williams, J.B. 1987. Field metabolism and food consumption of Savannah sparrows during the breeding season. Auk 104: 277-289.

      Ricklefs, R.E., A.R. Place, and D.J. Anderson. 1987. An experimental investigation of the influence of diet quality on growth in Leach's storm-petrel. American Naturalist 130: 300-305. (57)

      Hébert, P.N. 1987. Effect of fog on Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) chick survivorship and parental foraging patterns. Colonial Waterbirds 10: 103-105.

      Ricklefs, R.E. 1987. Response of adult Leach's Storm-Petrels to increased food demand at the nest. Auk 104: 750-756. (58)

      Cunningham, R.M., and F. Sanders. 1987. Into the teeth of the gale: the remarkable advance of a cold front at Grand Manan. Monthly Weather Review 115: 2450-2462.

      Jagels, R., J. Carlisle, C. Cronan, R. Cunningham, et al. 1987. Coastal red spruce health along an acidic fog/ozone gradient. Proceedings of the U.S./FRG research symposium: Effects of atmospheric pollution on the spruce-fir forests of the eastern U.S. and the Federal Republic of Germany. Pp. 229-233.

      Ricklefs, R.E. 1987. Comparative analysis of avian embryonic growth. Journal of Experimental Zoology, Supplement 1: 309-323.

      Hébert, P.N., and R.M.R. Barclay. 1988. Parental investment in Herring Gulls: clutch apportionment and chick survival. Condor 90: 332-338.

      Fox, G.A., S.W. Kennedy, R.J. Norstrom, and D.C. Wigfield. 1988. Porphyria in herring gulls: a biochemical response to chemical contamination of Great Lakes food chains. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 7: 831-839.

      Rahn, H., and C.E. Huntington. 1988. Eggs of Leach's Storm Petrel: O2 uptake, water loss, and microclimate of the nest. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 91A: 519-521.

      Williams, J.B. 1988. Field metabolism of Tree Swallows during the breeding season. Auk 105: 706-714.

      Hébert, P.N. 1989. Decline of the Kent Island, New Brunswick, Herring Gull, Larus argentatus, colony. Canadian Field-Naturalist 103: 394-396.

      Silvius, K.M. 1989. The double exposure. Habitat 6 (3): 28-29.

      Place, A.R., N.C. Stoyan, R. Ricklefs, and R.G. Butler. 1989. Physiological basis of stomach oil formation in Leach’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa). Auk 106: 687-699.

      Jagels, R., J. Carlisle, R. Cunningham, S. Serreze, and P. Tsai. 1989. Impact of acid fog and ozone on coastal red spruce. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 48: 193-208.

      Pearce, P.A., J.E. Elliot, D.B. Peakall, and R.J. Norstrom. 1989. Organochlorine contaminants in eggs of seabirds in the northwest Atlantic, 1968-1984. Environmental Pollution 56: 217-235.

**  Pierson, E.C., C.E. Huntington, and N.T. Wheelwright. 1989. Homing experiment with Leach's storm-petrel. Auk 106: 148-150. (59)

      Lank, D.B. 1989. Why fly by night? Inferences from tidally-induced migratory departures of sandpipers. Journal of Field Ornithology 60: 154-161. (60)


**  Wheelwright, N.T., and F. B. Dorsey. 1991. Short-term and long-term consequences of predator avoidance by Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). Auk 108: 719-723.

**  Wheelwright, N.T., J. Leary, and C. Fitzgerald. 1991. The costs of reproduction in tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). Canadian Journal of Zoology 69: 2540-2547.

      Evans, R.M., and S.C. Lee. 1991. Terminal egg neglect: brood reduction strategy or cost of asynchronous hatching? Proceedings of the International Ornithological Congress 20: 1734-40. (61)

      Ricklefs, R.E. 1992. The roles of parent and chick in determining feeding rates in Leach’s storm-petrel. Animal Behaviour 43: 895-906.

      Elliott, J.E., A.M. Scheuhammer, F.A. Leighton, and P.A. Pearce. 1992. Heavy metal and metallothionein concentrations in Atlantic Canadian seabirds. Archives of Environmental Contamincation and Toxicology 22: 63-73.

      Clark, L., and P.S. Shah. 1992. Information content of prey odor plumes: what do foraging Leach’s Storm-Petrels know? In R. Doty and H. Meuller-Schwarze (eds.). Chemical signals in vertebrates. Vol. 6. Plennum Press.

**  Wheelwright, N.T., C. Schultz, and P.J. Hodum.  1992. Polygyny and male parental care in Savannah sparrows:  effects on female fitness.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 31:  279-289. (64)

      Wheelwright, N.T., and J.D. Rising. 1993. Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis). In The Birds of North America, No. 45 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists’ Union. (109)

      Lee, S.C., R.M. Evans, and S.C. Budgen. 1993. Benign neglect of terminal eggs in Herring Gulls. Condor 95: 507-514. (60)

      R. E. Ricklefs and W. A. Schew. 1994. Foraging stochasticity and lipid accumulation by nestling petrels. Functional Ecology 8: 159-170. (112)

      Danforth, B.N., C.R. Freeman, S. Bogdanowicz, and B. May. 1994. Chemiluminescent DNA fingerprinting using PCR-labeled M13 and Jeffreys probes. Biochemica 11: 17-19. (127)

**  Wheelwright, N.T., and C.B. Schultz. 1994. Age and reproduction in Savannah sparrows and tree swallows. Journal of Animal Ecology 63: 686-702. (110)

**  Wheelwright, N.T., G.C. Trussell, J.P. Devine, and R. Anderson. 1994. Sexual dimorphism and population sex ratios in juvenile Savannah Sparrows. Journal of Field Ornithology 65: 520-529. (111)

      Evans, R.M., M.O. Wiebe, S.C. Lee, and S.C. Bugden. 1995. Embryonic and parental preferences for incubation temperature in herring gulls: implications for parent-offspring conflict. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 36: 17-23.

      Mauck, R.A., T.A. Waite, and P.A. Parker. 1995. Monogamy in Leach’s Storm-Petrels: DNA fingerprinting evidence. Auk 112: 473-482.

      Mauck, R.A., and T.C. Grubb, Jr. 1995. Parent petrels shunt all experimentally increased reproductive cost to their offspring. Animal Behavior 49: 999-1008. (117)

      Huntington, C.E., R.G. Butler, and R.A. Mauck. 1996. Leach’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa). In The Birds of North America, No. 233 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C. ( 132)

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R. 1996. Microgeographic patterns of genetic and morphological variation in Savannah sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis). Evolution 50: 1631-1637. (123)

      Danforth, B.N., and C.R. Freeman-Gallant. 1996. DNA fingerprinting data and the problem of non-independence among pairwise comparisons. Molecular Ecology 5: 221-227. (137)

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R. 1996. DNA fingerprinting reveals female preference for male parental care in Savannah sparrows. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B 263: 157-160. (125)

      Yauk, C., and J.S. Quinn. 1996. Multilocus DNA fingerprinting reveals high rate of heritable genetic mutation in herring gulls nesting in an industrialized urban site. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 93: 12137-12141. (136)

**  Wheelwright, N.T., J.J. Lawler, and J.H. Weinstein. 1997. Nest-site selection in Savannah sparrows: using gulls as scarecrows? Animal Behaviour 53: 197-208. (122)

**  Zink, R.A., and N.T. Wheelwright. 1997. Facultative self-pollination in island irises. American Midland Naturalist 137: 72-78. (119)

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R. 1997. Extra-pair paternity in monogamous and polygynous Savannah sparrows, Passerculus sandwichensis. Animal Behaviour 53: 397-404. (124)

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R. 1997. Parentage and paternal care: consequences of intersexual selection in Savannah sparrows? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 40: 395-400. (126)

      Wheelwright, N.T., and R.A. Mauck. 1998. Philopatry, natal dispersal and inbreeding avoidance in an island population of Savannah sparrows. Ecology 79: 755-767.  (121)

      Jagels, R., R. Cunningham, J. Carlisle, and M. Day. 1998. Documented 50-year change in acidity and chemistry of New England fog.  In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Fog and Fog Collection, Vancouver, Canada. (143)

      Cunningham, R.M. 1998. Fog studies in the Bay of Fundy over a span of 60 years. In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Fog and Fog Collection, Vancouver,Canada (138).

      Nevitt, G. 1998. Foraging by sea birds on an olfactory landscape. American Scientist 46-53-87.

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R. 1998. Fitness consequences of male parental care in Savannah sparrows. Behavioral Ecology 9: 486-492. (127)

      Mauck, R.A., E.A. Marschall, and P.G. Parker. 1999. Adult survival and imperfect assessment of parentage: effects on male parenting decisions. American Naturalist 154: 99-109.

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R. and M. D. Rothstein. 1999. Apparent heritability of parental care in Savannah Sparrows. Auk 116: 1132-1136. (141)


**  Futamura, C.W., and N.T. Wheelwright. 2000. The mosses of Kent Island, New Brunswick. Northeastern Naturalist 7: 277-288. (139)

**  Apigian, K., and N.T. Wheelwright.  2000. Forest ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) on a boreal island. Canadian Entomologist 132: 627-634. (142)

**  Conrad, K.F., P. V. Johnston, C. Crossman, B. Kempenaers, R. J. Robertson, N. T. Wheelwright, and P. T. Boag. 2001. High levels of extrapair paternity in an isolated, low-density, island population of tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). Molecular Ecology 10: 801-808.

**  Mauck, R.A., and K. Harkless. The effect of group membership on hiding behavior in the northern rock barnacle (Semibalanus balanoides). 2001. Animal Behaviour 62: 743-748. (170)

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R., K. O'Connor, and M. Breuer.  2001. Sexual selection and the geography of Plasmodium infection in Savannah sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis). Oecologia 127: 517-521.

      Scott, J.D., K. Fernando, S.N. Banerjee, L.A. Duren, S.K. Byrne, M. Banerjee, R.B. Mann, and M.G. Morshed. 2001. Birds disperse ixodid (Acari: Ixodidae) and Borrelia burgdorferi-infected ticks in Canada. Journal of Medical Entomology 38: 49/3-500.

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R., E.M. Johnson, F. Saponara, and M. Stanger. 2002. Variation at the major histocompatibility complex in Savannah sparrows. Molecular Ecology 11: 1125-1130.

       Morrow, E.H., G. Arnqvist, and T.E. Pitcher. 2002. The evolution of infertility: does hatching rate in birds coevolve with female polyandry? Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15: 702-709.

§    Haussmann, M.F., D.W. Winkler, K.M. O'Reilly, C.E. Huntington, and C.M. Vleck. 2003. Telomere shortening in birds varies with life span. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42: 1241-1242.

*    Wheelwright, N.T., and R. Seabury. 2003. Fifty-fifty offspring sex ratios in Savannah Sparrows. Auk 120: 171-179.

*    Wheelwright, N.T., K.A. Tice, and C.R. Freeman-Gallant. 2003. Post-fledging parental care in Savannah Sparrows: sex, size and survival. Animal Behaviour 65: 435-443.

      Wheelwright, N.T., and J.J. Templeton. 2003. Development of foraging skills and the transition to independence in juvenile Savannah Sparrows. Condor 105: 279-287.

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R., M. Meguerdichian, N. T. Wheelwright, and S.V. Sollecito. 2003. Social pairing and female mating fidelity predicted by restriction fragment length polymorphism similarity at the major histocompatibility complex in a songbird. Molecular Ecology 12: 3077-3083.

§    Haussmann, M.F., D.W. Winkler, K.M. O'Reilly, C.E. Huntington, I.C.T. Nisbet, and C.M. Vleck. 2003. Telomeres shorten more slowly in long-lived birds and mammals than in short-lived ones. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 270: 1387-1392.

      Lank, D.B., R.W. Butler, J. Ireland and R. C. Ydenberg. 2003. Effects of predation danger on migration strategies of sandpipers. Oikos 103: 303-319. (159)

§    Ronconi, R.A., and S.N.P. Wong. 2003. Estimates of changes in seabird numbers in the Grand Manan Archipelago, New Brunswick, Canada. Waterbirds 26: 462-472.

      Nevitt, G.A., and K. Haberman. 2003. Behavioral attraction of Leach's storm-petrels (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) to dimethyl sulfide. Journal of Experimental Biology 206 (9): 1497-1501.

§    Blackmer, A.L., J. T. Ackerman, and G.A. Nevitt. 2004. Effect of investigator disturbance on hatching success and nest-site fidelity in a long-lived seabird, Leach's storm-petrel. Biological Conservation 116: 141-148. (160)

      Mauck, R.M., C.E. Huntington, and T.C. Grubb, Jr. 2004. Age-specific reproductive success: evidence for the Selection Hypothesis. Evolution 58(4), pp. 880-885. (157)

§    Haussmann, M.F., D.W. Winkler, C.E. Huntington, I.C.T. Nisbet, and C.M. Vleck. 2004. Telomerase expression is differentially regulated in birds of differing life span. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1019: 186-190. (164)

      Wheelwright, N.T., and J.C. Beagley. 2005. Proficient incubation by inexperienced Savannah Sparrows. Ibis 147: 67-76.

§    Haussmann, M.F., D.W. Winkler, C.E. Huntington, D. Vleck, C.E. Sanneman, D. Hanley, and C.M. Vleck. 2005. Cell-mediated immunosenescence in birds. Oecologia 145: 270-275.

**  Freeman-Gallant, C.R., K.E. Meiklejohn, V.G. Marzot, N.T. Wheelwright, and S. V. Sollecito. 2005. Little effect of female mating fidelity on the opportunity for sexual selection in a songbird with high rates of extra-pair paternity. Evolution 59: 422-430. (166)

§    Blackmer, A.L., R.A. Mauck, J.T. Ackerman, C.E. Huntington, G.A. Nevitt, and J.B. Williams. 2005. Exploring individual quality: basal metabolic rate and reproductive performance in storm-petrels. Behavioral Ecology 16: 906-913.

      Mauck, R.A., and R.E. Ricklefs. 2005. Control of fledging age in Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa): Chick development and pre-fledging mass loss. Functional Ecology 19: 73-80.

     Mauck, R.A., K.D. Matson, J. Philipsborn, and R.E. Ricklefs.  2005.  Increase in the constitutive innate humoral immune system in Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) chicks is negatively correlated with growth rate. Functional Ecology 19(6):1001-1007, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2005.01060.x (BSS Contribution no. 171)       

     McMaster, R. T. 2005. Factors influencing vascular plant diversity on 22 islands off the coast of eastern North America. Journal of Biogeography. 32, 475-492.

     Lavoie, E. T. and K. A. Grasman. 2005. Isolation, cryopreservation, and mitogenesis of peripheral blood lymphocytes from chickens (Gallus domesticus) and wild herring gulls (Larus argentatus). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 48 (4): 552-558

**  Peterson, T.S., A. Uesugi, and J. Lichter. 2006. Tree recruitment limitation by introduced snowshoe hare on Kent Island, New Brunswick. Canadian Field Naturalist 119:569-572.

**  Wheelwright, N.T., E.E. Dukeshire, J.B. Fontaine, S.H. Gutow, D.A. Moeller, J.C. Schuetz, T.M. Smith, S.L. Rodgers, and A.G. Zink. 2006. Pollinator limitation, autogamy, and minimal inbreeding depression in insect-pollinated plants on a boreal island. American Midland Naturalist 155: 19-38.

**  Wheelwright, N.T., C.R. Freeman-Gallant, and R.A. Mauck. 2006. Asymmetrical incest avoidance in the choice of social and genetic mates. Animal Behaviour 71: 631-639. (167)

      Freeman-Gallant, C.R., N.T. Wheelwright, K.E. Meiklejohn, and S.V. Sollecito. 2006. Genetic similarity, extra-pair paternity and offspring quality in Savannah Sparrows. Behavioral Ecology 17: 952-958. (171)

     Haussmann, M.F., D.W. Winkler, C.E. Huntington, I.C.T. Nisbet, and C.M. Vleck. 2007. Telomerase activity is maintained throughout the lifespan of long-lived birds. Experimental Gerontology 42: 610-618.

     Haussmann, M.F., and R.A. Mauck. 2008. Telomeres and longevity: testing an evolutionary hypothesis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 220-228 (BSS Conribution No. 192).

      Haussmann, M.F., and R.A. Mauck. 2008. New strategies for telomere-based age estimation. Molecular Ecology Notes 8: 264-274.

**  Wheelwright, N.T., M.B. Swett, I.I. Levin, D.E. Kroodsma, C.R. Freeman-Gallant, and H. Williams. 2008. The influence of different tutor types on song learning in a natural bird population. Animal Behaviour 75: 1479-1493. (BSS Contribution No. 192) (highlighted in an article on bird song learning in Science News, Nov. 8, 2008, pp. 22-26)

     Wheelwright, N.T., and J.D. Rising. 2008. Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis). Birds of North America Online, issue no. 45 (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. 90 p. (BSS Conribution No. 193).

      Bogomolni, A.L., R.J. Gast, J.C. Ellis, M. Dennett, K.R. Pugliares, B.J. Lentell, and M.J. Moore.  2008.  Victims or vectors: a survey of marine vertebrate zoonoses from coastal waters of the Northwest Atlantic.  Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 81:13-38. (BSS Conribution No. 200)

      Berens McCabe, E.J., D.P. Gannon, N.B. Barros, and R.S. Wells.  2009.  Prey selection by resident common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Sarasota Bay, Florida.  Marine Biology, DOI 10.1007/s00227-009-1371-2. (BSS Contribution No. 208)

**  Butler, M.W., J. Garvin, N.T. Wheelwright, and C.R. Freeman-Gallant. 2009. Ambient temperature, but not paternity, is associated with immune response in Savannah Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis). The Auk 126(3):536–542.  DOI 10.1525/auk.2009.08179   (BSS Contribution No. 209)

      Cohen, A.A, R.A. Mauck, N.T. Wheelwright, C.E. Huntington, and K.J. McGraw. 2009. Complexity in relationships between antioxidants and individual life-history parameters in a seabird and a songbird. Oikos, 118(12):1854 - 1861. DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17785.x. (BSS Contribution No. 202)

**  Gannon, D.P., E.J. Berens McCabe, S.A. Camilleri, J.G. Gannon, M.K. Brueggen, A.A. Barleycorn, V.I. Palubok, G.J. Kirkpatrick, and R.S. Wells.  2009.  Effects of Karenia brevis Harmful Algal Blooms on Nearshore Fish Communities in Southwest Florida.  Marine Ecology Progress Series. 378:171-186.  DOI 10.3354/meps07853.  (BSS Contribution No. 210)

      Goodale, M.W., D.C. Evers, S.E. Mierzkowski, A.L. Bond, N.M. Burgess, C.I. Otorowski, L.J. Welch, C.S. Hall, J.C. Ellis, R.B. Allen, A.W. Diamond, S.W. Kress, and R.J. Taylor.  2009.  Marine foraging birds as bioindicators of mercury in the Gulf of Maine.  EcoHealth 10 March 2009, DOI 10.1007/s10393-009-0211-7.  (BSS Contribution No. 211)

**  Kraichak, E., R.G. Pope, and N.T. Wheelwright. 2009. Habitat associations of macrolichens on a boreal island in the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. The Bryologist. 112(4):762-772. (BSS Contribution No. 194)

**§ Rae, L.F., G.W. Mitchell, R.A. Mauck, C.G. Guglielmo, D. R. Norris.  2009. Radio transmitters do not affect the body condition of Savannah Sparrows during the fall premigratory period.  Journal of Field Ornithology, 80(4):419-426. DOI: 10.1111/j.1557-9263.2009.00249.x.  (BSS Contribution No. 205.  This paper earned an award for Lauren Rae and Greg Mitchell for best student paper of the year published in the Journal of Field Ornithology).

**  Zangmeister, J.L., M.F. Haussmann, J. Cerchiara, R.A. Mauck.  2009.  Incubation failure and nest abandonment by Leach’s Storm-Petrels detected using PIT tags and temperature loggers. Journal of Field Ornithology, 80(4):373-379.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1557-9263.2009.00243.x.  (BSS Contribution No. 203)


      Gannon, D.P. and J.G. Gannon.  2010.  Assessing trends in the density of Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus): a comparison of passive acoustic and trawl methods.  Fishery Bulletin, 108:106–116. (BSS Contribution No. 206)

     Kozlowski, C.P., R.A. Mauck, K.M. O’Reilly, J. Philipsborn, & R.E. Ricklefs. 2010. Changes in plasma hormone levels correlate with fledging in nestling Leach’s storm-petrels. General And Comparative Endocrinology  169: 91-97. (BSS Conribution No. 215)

     Rudershausen, P.J., J.A. Buckel, J. Edwards, D.P. Gannon, C.M. Butler, and T.W. Averett.  2010.  Feeding ecology of blue marlin, dolphinfish, yellowfin tuna and wahoo from the North Atlantic with comparisons to other oceans.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139:1335-1359. 

     Vleck, C.M., M.F. Haussmann, and D. Vleck. 2010. Avian senescence: underlying mechanisms. Journal of Ornithology 148: 611-624, DOI: 10.1007/s10336-007-0186-5. (BSS Contribution No. 244).

     Haussmann, M.F. and N.M. Marchetto. 2010. Telomeres: Linking stress and survival, ecology and evolution.  Current Zoology 56(6):703-713. (BSS Contribution No. 241).

     Hope, D.D,  D.B. Lank, B.D. Smith and R.C. Ydenberg. 2011. Migration of two calidrid sandpiper species on the predator landscape: how stopover time and hence migration speed vary with geographical proximity to danger.  J. Avian Biol.  42: 523_530, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-048X.2011.05347.x

** Mauck, R.A., J.L. Zangmeister, J.C. Cerchiara, C.E. Huntington, & M.F. Haussmann. 2011. Male-biased reproductive effort in a long-lived seabird. Evolutionary Ecology Research 13(1): 19-33.

§    Mitchell, G.W., C. G. Guglielmo, N. T. Wheelwright, C. R. Freeman-Gallant, and D. R. Norris. 2011. Early-life events carry-over to influence pre-migratory condition in a free-living songbird. PLoS ONE 6(12): e28838. doi:10.1371/journal.pone. (BSS Conribution No. 229)

** Steenweg, R.J., R.A. Ronconi & M.L. Leonard.  2011.  Seasonal and age-dependent dietary partitioning between Great Black-backed and Herring Gulls.  Condor 113: 795-805. (BSS Conribution No. 230)

   Chen, D., R.J. Letcher, N.M. Burgess, L. Champoux, J.E. Elliott, C.E. Hebert, P. Martin, M. Wayland, D.V. Weseloh, L. Wilson.  2012.  Flame Retardants in Eggs of Four Gull Species (Laridae) from Breeding Sites Spanning Atlantic to Pacific Canada.  Environmental Pollution 168 (2012) 1-9.    

    Mauck, R.A., Huntington, C.E., and Doherty, P.F., Jr. 2012. Experience versus effort: what explains dynamic heterogeneity with respect to age? Oikos 121:1379-1390, DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20271.x.

§    Mitchell, G.W., A.E.M. Newman, M. Wikelski, and D. R. Norris. 2012.  Timing of breeding carries over to influence migratory departure in a songbird: an automated radio tracking study.  Journal of Animal Ecology 81:1024-1033. (BSS Conribution No. 236)

§    Mitchell, G.W., N. T. Wheelwright, C. G. Guglielmo, and D. R. Norris. 2012. Short and long term costs of reproduction in a migratory songbird. Ibis 154:325-337, DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2012.01212.x. (BSS Conribution No. 231)

     Sunderland, E.M., A. Amirbahman, N.M. Burgess, J. Dalziel, G. Harding, S.H. Jones, E. Kamai, M.R. Karagas, X. Shi, C.Y. Chen.  2012.  Mercury sources and fate in the Gulf of Maine. Environmental Research 119: 27-41.

** Wheelwright, N.T., E. Graff, and D. R. Norris. 2012. Relative consistency in size, shape and coloration of Savannah Sparrow eggs within and between breeding seasons. Condor 114: 412-420. (BSS Conribution No. 234)

Shutler, D., D.J.T. Hussell, D.R. Norris, D.W. Winkler, R.J. Robertson, F. Bonier, W.B. Rendell, M. Bélisle, R. G. Clark, R.D. Dawson, N.T. Wheelwright, M.P. Lombardo, P.A. Thorpe, M.A. Truan, R. Walsh, M.L. Leonard, A.G. Horn, C.M. Vleck, D. Vleck, A.P. Rose, L.A. Whittingham, P.O. Dunn, K. A. Hobson, and M.T. Stanback. 2012. Spatiotemporal patterns in nest box occupancy by Tree Swallow across North America. Avian Conservation Ecology 7: 3 (9 pp.)

Burgess, N.M., Bond, A.L., Hebert, C.E., Neugebauer, W.E., and Champoux, L. 2013. Mercury trends in herring gull (Larus argentatus) eggs from Atlantic Canada, 1972-2008: temporal change or dietary shift? Environ. Pollut. 172: 216-222. 

** Williams, H., I.I. Levin, D. R. Norris, A.E.M. Newman, and N.T. Wheelwright  2013.  Three decades of cultural evolution in Savannah sparrow songs.  Animal Behaviour 85: 213-223. (BSS Conribution No. 243)

** Fiske, J.A., D.P. Gannon, and A.E.M. Newman.  2013.  Effects of repeated investigator handling on growth rate and the acute stress response in Leach’s Storm-petrels. Journal of Field Ornithology 84(4):424–431, DOI: 10.1111/jofo.12041 (BSS Contribution No. 244)

** Shorty, J. and D.P. Gannon.  2013.  Habitat selection by the rock gunnel, Pholis gunnellus L. (Pholidae).  Northeastern Naturalist 20:155-170. (BSS Contribution No. 245) 

** Thomson, E. and D.P. Gannon.  2013.  Influence of sediment type on predation risk and antipredator responses of soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria.  Northeastern Naturalist 20(3):498-510. (BSS Contribution No. 246)

Peterson, T.S., S.K. Pelletier, S.A. Boyden, and K.S. Watrous. 2014. Offshore acoustic monitoring of bats in the Gulf of Maine. Northeastern Naturalist 21(1):86-107. 

Teplitsky, C, M Tarka, AP Møller, S Nakagawa, J Balbontín, TA Burke, C Doutrelant, A Gregoire, B Hansson, D Hasselquist, L Gustafsson, F de Lope, A Marzl, JA Mills, NT Wheelwright, JW Yarrall, and A Charmantier. 2014. Assessing multivariate constraints to evolution across ten long-term avian studies. PLoS One 9 (3) e90444. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090444 (15 p.).

Wheelwright, NT, L F Keller, and E Postma. 2014. The effect of trait type and strength of selection on heritability and evolvability in an island bird population. Evolution 68(11):3325-36.

§     Dearborn, DC, AB Gager, ME Gilmour, AG McArther, DA Hinerfeld, and RA Mauck.  2015. Non-neutral evolution and reciprocal monophyly of two expressed Mhc class II B genes in Leach’s storm-petrel. Immunogenetics 67:111-123.

§     DeLuca, WV, BK Woodworth, C Rimmer, PD Taylor, PP Marra, K McFarland, S Bearhop, SA Mackenzie & DR Norris. 2015. Transoceanic migration by a 12g songbird. In press: Biology Letters, Royal Society.

§     Gilmour ME, CR Lattin, LM Romero, MF Haussmann, RA Mauck, and DC Dearborn.  2015. Finding the best predictor of reproductive performance of Leach’s Storm-petrels.  Auk: Ornithological Advances. 132:191-205. 

§     Mitchell, GW, Woodworth, BK, Taylor, PD & Norris, DR. 2015. Age specific differences in flight duration and groundspeed are driven by wind conditions aloft: an automated telemetry study. Movement Ecology 3:19.

§     Woodworth, BK, Mitchell, GW, Norris, DR, Francis, CM & Taylor, PD. 2015. Patterns and correlates of songbird movements at an ecological barrier assessed using landscape- and regional-scale automated radio-telemetry. Ibis 157: 326-339 

Dearborn DC, Gager AB, McArthur AG, Gilmour ME, Mandzhukova E, and Mauck RA.  2016.  Gene duplication and divergence produce diverse MHC genotypes without disassortative mating.  Molecular Ecology 25:4355-4367.

Wheelwright, N.T. Eradication of an ecosystem engineer. 2016. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14: 53-54.

** Woodworth, B.K., A.E.M. Newman, S.P. Turbek, B.C. Dossman, K.A. Hobson, L.I. Wassenaar, G.W. Mitchell, N.T. Wheelwright, and D.R. Norris.. 2016. Differential migration and the link between winter latitude, timing of migration, and breeding in a songbird. Oecologia 181: 413-422. 

** Wheelwright, N.T., E. Begin, C. Ellwanger S.H. Taylor, and J.L. Stone. 2016. Minimal loss of genetic diversity and no inbreeding depression in blueflag iris (Iris versicolor) on islands in the Bay of Fundy. Botany 94: 643-554. 

§     Woodworth, B.K., N.T. Wheelwright, A.E.M. Newman, M. Schaub, and D.R. Norris. 2017. Winter temperatures limit population growth rate of a migratory songbird. Nature Communications 8:14812. 

§     Pakkala, J.J., Norris, D.R., Sedinger, J.S. and A.E.M. Newman. 2016. Experimental effects of early-life corticosterone on the HPA axis and pre-migratory behavior in a wild songbird. Functional Ecology 30: 1149-1160.

Wheelwright, N.T., and C. Teplitsky. 2017. Divorce in an island bird population: causes, consequences, and lack of inheritance. American Naturalist 190: 557-569. 

Woodworth, B.K., N.T. Wheelwright, A.E.M. Newman, M. Schaub, and D.R. Norris. 2017. Local density regulates migratory songbird reproductive success through effects on double-brooding and nest predation. Ecology 98: 2039-2048.  

Taylor, PD, Crewe, TL, Mackenzie, SA, Lepage, D, Crysler, Z, Guglielmo, CG, Hamilton, DJ, Holberton, RL, Loring, PH, Norris, DR, Paquet, J, Ronconi, RA, Smetzer, J, Welch, L and BK Woodworth. 2017. The Motus Wildlife Tracking System: A collaborative research network to enhance the understanding of wildlife movement. Avian Conservation & Ecology 12(1):8. 

Dearborn D.C., S.M. Page, M. Dainson, M.E. Hauber, and D. Hanley. 2017. Eggshells as hosts of bacterial communities: an experimental test of the antimicrobial egg coloration hypothesis. Ecology and Evolution 7(22): 9711 - 9719.

Mauck, RA, Dearborn, DC, and Huntington, CE. in press. Annual Global Mean Temperature explains reproductive success in a marine vertebrate from 1955-2010. Global Change Biology.

Bennett J., Jamieson E.G., Ronconi R.A., Wong S.N.P. 2017. Variability in egg size and population declines of Herring Gulls in relation to fisheries and climate conditions. Avian Conservation & Ecology 12(2):16.