External Environment



Maine Characteristics

Size - 33,215 square miles; 320 miles long and 210 miles wide
Number of Civil Divisions - 16 counties; 22 cities; 424 towns; 51 plantations; and 416 unorganized townships
Natural Characteristics - 3,478 miles of coastline; 2,000 islands; 6,000 lakes and ponds; 32,000 miles of rivers and streams; 17 million acres of forestland; 7,000 farms; and 542,629 acres of state and national parks
Climate - Summer average temperature, 70 degrees F; Winter average temperature, 20 degrees F
Highest Point - Mt. Katahdin (5,268 ft. above sea level)

Maine History

Statehood - March 15, 1820 (23rd state)
First chartered town - Kittery, Maine (1641)
Maine Memory Network - a project of The Maine Historical Society
Maine Firsts throughout History - Revised Extract from the Maine Almanac

Maine Symbols

Nickname: The Pine Tree State
State Bird: Chickadee
State Animal: Moose
State Fish: Landlocked Salmon
State Flower: White Pine Cone and Tassel
State Gemstone: Tourmaline
State Insect: Honeybee
State Tree: White Pine
State Motto: Dirigo (I Lead)
State Capital: Augusta, Kennebec County

Selected Maine Population Data - Surrounding Cities and Towns

State of Maine 1,314,910
Cumberland County 274,520
    Brunswick 21,983
    Cape Elizabeth 9,040
    Falmouth 10,996
     Freeport 8,051
    Harpswell 5,173
    North Yarmouth 3,500
     Portland 63,032
    Pownal 1,609
    South Portland 23,746
    Yarmouth 8,129
Lincoln County 34,806
    Boothbay 3,222
    Boothbay Harbor 2,332
    Damariscotta 1,961
    Jefferson 2,487
    Wiscasset 3,827
Sagadahoc County 36,457
     Bath 9,090
    Bowdoin 2,929
    Bowdoinham 2,796
    Georgetown 1,082
    Phippsburg 2,213
    Richmond 3,348
    Topsham 9,759
    West Bath 1,832
    Woolwich 2,898

Source of population data: Maine Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Public Health Systems; Office of Data, Research and Vital Statistics, July 1, 2006 estimates

Parks Near Campus

Acadia National Park - Mount Desert Island, Maine - 47,633 acres
Description - carriage trails, granite bridges, mountains, woodlands, lakes, ponds and ocean shoreline

Baxter State Park - Millinocket, Maine - 202,064 acres
Description - 46 mountain peaks and ridges, 175 miles of trails

Bowdoin Pines Trail - Brunswick, Maine - 33 acres
Description - adjacent to the Bowdoin campus; old-growth forest

Bradbury Mountain State Park - Pownal, Maine - 590 acres
Description - picnic area and shelter, playground, ballfield, trails are open for mountain biking, horseback riding, snowshoeing, snowmobiling and cross-country skiing, 41 campsites

Brunswick Town Commons - Brunswick, Maine - 63 acres
Description - accessible by the trails behind Bowdoin Farley Field House and athletic fields; several trails; a picnic area; peat heath; pine barrens; blueberries; 41 species of trees and shrubs

Camden Hills State Park - Camden, Maine - 5,500 acres
Description - 30 miles of hiking trails up mountains next to ocean, access from 5 major trailheads; a 112-site camping area includes flush toilets and hot showers; picnic area; rocky shoreline

Crescent Beach State Park - Cape Elizabeth, Maine - 243 acres
Description - sand beach, boat launch (permit required)

Damariscotta Lake State Park - Jefferson, Maine - 17 acres
Description - sand beach swimming area with lifeguard

Josephine Newman Property (Maine Audubon Society) - Georgetown, Maine - 119 acres
Description - nature trails, bird sanctuary

Hamilton Sanctuary (Maine Audubon Society) - West Bath, Maine - 74 acres
Description - nature trails, bird sanctuary

Mast Landing Sanctuary (Maine Audubon Society) - Freeport, Maine - 140 acres
Description - nature trails, bird sanctuary

Morse Mountain - Bates College Conservation Area in Phippsburg, Maine - 600 acres
Description - walking trails and sand beach

Popham Beach State Park - Phippsburg, Maine - 529 acres
Description - sand beach, rare birds, Ft. Popham located 2 miles south of the main beach on Route 209

Reid State Park - Georgetown, Maine - 766 acres
Description - 1.5 miles of sand beaches, dunes, marshes, ledges and ocean, featuring a saltwater pond

Thomas Point Beach - Brunswick, Maine - 85 acres
Description - spacious campground on the ocean, annual events

Two Lights State Park - Cape Elizabeth, Maine (near Portland) - 40 acres
Description - rocky headland with views of Casco Bay, remains of World War II coastal defense installation

Wolfe's Neck Woods State Park - Freeport, Maine - 233 acres
Description - 5 miles of hiking trails through the woods and along the shores of Casco Bay and the Harraseeket River

Other local parks, nature preserves, sanctuaries and trails
(courtesy of the Curtis Memorial Library - Brunswick, Maine)

Museums Near Campus

Bowdoin College Museum of Art - Brunswick, Maine
Joshua L. Chamberlain Museum - Brunswick, Maine
Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum - Brunswick, Maine
Pejepscot Historical Society - Brunswick, Maine
Skolfield-Whittier House Museum - Brunswick, Maine
Maine Maritime Museum - Bath, Maine
Farnsworth Museum - Rockland, Maine
Wyeth Center - Rockland, Maine
The Owls Head Transportation Museum - Owls Head, Maine
ABBE Museum - Bar Harbor, Maine
Maine State Museum - Augusta, Maine
Bates College Museum of Art - Lewiston, Maine
Colby Museum of Art - Waterville, Maine
Hudson Museum of Anthropology - Orono, Maine
Portland Museum of Art - Portland, Maine
Portland Museum of African Tribal Art - Portland, Maine
Portland Harbor Museum - Portland, Maine

Local Cultural Opportunities

General Arts
Portland Center for Cultural Exchange - Portland, Maine
Maine Festival of the Arts - Held in August, Portland, Maine - Phone: 207-772-9012
Maine Center for the Arts - Orono, Maine
Maine Arts Commission - Augusta, Maine
WoodenBoat School (and home of WoodenBoat Magazine) - Brooklin, Maine
Round Top Center for the Arts - Damariscotta, Maine
Five Rivers Arts Alliance - Brunswick, Maine
New England Archaeology Institute - 14 Maine Street, Suite 210, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Phone: 207-725-8402
Merrill Auditorium - Portland, Maine
Local Newspapers & Magazines; Radio Stations; and Television Stations [General Reference]

Music
Midcoast Symphony Orchestra - Brunswick, Maine
Bowdoin International Music Festival - Brunswick, Maine
Portland Symphony Orchestra - Portland, Maine
Bay Chamber Concerts - Camden, Maine
Down East Singers
Maine Music [General Reference]

Dance
Maine State Ballet - Falmouth, Maine
Downeast Dance Network

Theater
Maine State Music Theater - Brunswick, Maine
Portand Stage Company - Portland, Maine
Mad Horse Theatre Company - Portland, Maine
Lyric Music Theater - South Portland, Maine

Movie Theaters
Eveningstar Theater - Brunswick, Maine
Nickelodeon Cinemas - Portland, Maine
The Movies on Exchange - Portland, Maine
Railroad Square Cinema - Waterville, Maine

Local Recreational Opportunities

Skiing in Maine
Golf Courses in Maine
Maine Outdoor Recreation and Sporting Guide
Maine Outdoor Adventure Club
Maine Birding; and Brunswick, Maine Birders
Maine is beautiful. Get out there and enjoy it with the Bowdoin Outing Club.

Local Events

Common Ground Fair - held the 3rd weekend in September in Unity, Maine
Bluegrass Festival - held annually at Thomas Point Beach
Farmers' Market - held on the Brunswick Town Mall every Tuesday and Friday in season
Portland Public Market - held weekly year-round in Portland
Portland Sidewalk Art Festival - held annually in late August
OpSail - when the Tall Ships come and visit the coast of Maine
Whatever Week - a fun festival held annually in Augusta
Yarmouth Clam Festival
Rockland Lobster Festival
Upcoming Events [General References]: Maine Information Calendar; and Maine Public Broadcasting Community Calendar

Online Images of Maine

MaineImages.com
ImagineMaine.com
maine.info Maine Photo Gallery


Back to Facts & Figures Index

Maintained by Margaret Allen, Bowdoin College Office of Institutional Research
Last Update: September 11, 2012
E-mail: mallen2@bowdoin.edu