Location: Bowdoin / ealbaugh

Government and Legal Studies

Ericka Albaugh

Associate Professor of Government

Contact Information

Government and Legal Studies

Hubbard Hall - 209A

Teaching this semester

AFRS 2530/GOV 2530. Politics and Societies in Africa

Surveys societies and politics in sub-Saharan Africa, seeking to understand the sources of current conditions and the prospects for political stability and economic growth. Looks briefly at pre-colonial society and colonial influence on state-construction in Africa, and concentrates on three broad phases in Africa’s contemporary political development: (1) independence and consolidation of authoritarian rule; (2) economic decline and challenges to authoritarianism; (3) democratization and civil conflict. Presumes no prior knowledge of the region.

AFRS 3520/GOV 3520. State-Building in Comparative Perspective

States form the foundation of modern politics. Comparative government explores their variation; international relations examine their interaction. States can be instruments of oppression or engines of progress, and recent scholarship has focused on their strength, weakness, and failure. This capstone course explores the processes that produced the early modern state in Europe, then looks at more recent attempts to replicate state development in Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. The role of war in state formation and the subject of citizenship receive particular attention.

Ericka Albaugh: Bowdoin College


  • Ph.D., Duke University Durham, NC
  • M.A., Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University Medford, MA
  • B.A., Pepperdine University Malibu, CA

State-Building and Multilingual Education in Africa. Cambridge University Press, 2014State-Building and Multilingual Education in Africa.  Cambridge University Press, 2014

“An Autocrat’s Toolkit: Adaptation and Manipulation in ‘Democratic’ Cameroon” Special Issue of Democratization 18: 2 (April 2011)

Review of The Perils of Belonging: Autochthony, Citizenship, and Exclusion in Africa and Europe by Peter Geschiere, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 41:1 (Summer 2010)

“The Colonial Image Reversed: Language Preferences and Policy Outcomes in African Education.” International Studies Quarterly 53: 2 June 2009.

Language Choice in Education: A Politics of Persuasion.Journal of Modern African Studies 45:1 (March 2007).

Review of Mobilizing the Masses: Gender, Ethnicity, and Class in the Nationalist Movement in Guinea, 1939-1958 by Elizabeth Schmidt, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 37:3 (2006).

With Robert I. Rotberg, Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement in Africa (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2000)

With Robert I. Rotberg, Cyprus 2000: Divided or Federal? (World Peace Foundation, 1998)

"The Politics of Language in Education in African States." Lecture at the Centre for Policy Studies, University of Ottawa, 9 March 2015.

"The (Un)Necessary Citizen: Universal Standard Education in Comparative Context." Lecture at Cornell University's Institute for African Development, 18 September 2014.

"Toward a True Multilingualism? French and National Languages in Africa." Invited Panelist for Round Table Discussion at the Conference on "Cultural Diplomacy: France's Asset in a Shifting World." Paris, Institut Francais. 12-13 December 2011.

“Conquering Babel in Europe and Africa: Language Rationalization in Comparative Perspective” Paper Presented at the Midwest Political Science Association meeting, March 31-April 2, 2011, Chicago, IL.

“Raising Language and Lowering Voice: The Costs of Recognition in ‘Democratic’ Cameroon” Paper Presented at the American Political Science Association, Washington DC, 2-5 September 2010.

2015: Working Papers

Africa Language Movement Graphic

- "Language Movement and Civil War in West Africa" for presentation at the  Mapping Language Movement in Africa Symposium (Bowdoin College, September 2015)

- "Language, Citizenship, and Political Participation in Africa"

2014: State-Building and Multilingual Education in Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press.

- Chapter 1

- Appendix A

2011:  “An Autocrat’s Toolkit: Adaptation and Manipulation in ‘Democratic’ Cameroon,” Democratization 18, 2 (April): 388-414.

- List of Constituency Boundary Changes in Cameroon 1992-2007

- Map of Constituency Boundary Changes in Cameroon 1992-2007

- Election Data: 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007

2009:  “The Colonial Image Reversed: Language Preferences and Policy Outcomes in African Education,” International Studies Quarterly 53: 389-420. 

- Updated Language Policies in African Education - January 2012 (PDF)PDF

- Language Policies in African Education (PDF)PDF