It’s time to call your girlfriend and let her know that when May 26th comes around, the only thing you’ll be listening to is the new EP from Scandinavian pop superheroes Robyn and Röyksopp.
The platinum-blond pixie behind “Dancing On My Own” announced the Do It Again tour with Norwegian duo Röyksopp earlier this year, but on Monday the performers revealed plans for a collaborative mini-album of the same name. Even better, the news also came with a minute-and-a-half preview of the eerie mid-tempo “Monument,” which you can hear above.
On her last album, 2010′s Body Talk, Robyn didn’t just wow listeners with her poignant electropop, she also impressed them with her work ethic. Robyn released the album in three parts over the span of one year to minimize fans’ wait for new music while she toured and recorded simultaneously.
Perhaps that experiment didn’t work: Besides the news that she’s been in the studio with Janet Jackson hitmaker Jimmy Jam (of Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis fame), it’s practically been radio silence from Team Robyn—until now. Time to dust off your reverse-somersault floor-hump.
(PARIS) — French investigators began taking DNA samples Monday from 527 male students and staff at a high school — including boys as young as 14 — as they searched for the assailant who raped a teenage girl on the closed campus. MoreU.N. Authorizes Peacekeeping Mission to Central African RepublicFresh Air Sells for $860 a Jar in ChinaMen Charged With Toppling Ancient Rock Formation Avoid Jail Time Huffington PostHere's An Updated Tally Of All The People Who Have Ever Died From A Marijuana Overdose Huffington PostPharrell Williams Breaks Down in 'Happy' Tears During Oprah Chat People
Testing began Monday at Fenelon-Notre Dame high school in western France. All those who received summonses last week were warned that any refusal could land them in police custody, and no one rejected the sweeping request to test the high school’s male population. Popular Among Subscribers The Rise of Fake Pot Subscribe Common Core Sparks Parent RevoltChristians and Tyrants
The testing of students, faculty and staff at the school is expected to last through Wednesday, with 40 DNA swabs recovered inside two large study halls. Prosecutor Isabelle Pagenelle said investigators had exhausted all other leads in the Sept. 30 rape of the girl in a dark bathroom at the school.
“The choice is simple for me,” she said. “Either I file it away and wait for a match in what could be several years, or I go looking for the match myself.”
While there have been other situations in which DNA samples have been taken en masse, the case is complicated for France, where acceptance is widespread for DNA testing and a national database maintains profiles of people detained for even minor crimes. But children’s civil liberties are considered sacred, especially within schools.
France has stringent privacy protections — Google, for example, has come under legal attack for storing user data, as well as for lapses in images from Street View. Questions of criminality are a different matter — the government’s DNA database has expanded radically since it was first created in 1998, and now encompasses 2 million profiles, or about 3 percent of the population.
“It’s clearly a situation where people do not have a choice,” said Catherine Bourgain, a genetic researcher and author of “DNA, Superstar or Supercop.” ”One you have a DNA file it’s very difficult to get that information erased.”
Authorities have promised to discard the DNA collected once a donor is eliminated as a suspect, but Bourgain said she hoped that would also include the profile information, which during the usual course of French investigations is computerized and transmitted to the database.
Police recovered genetic material from the girl’s clothing but found no matches among current profiles.
“This happened during the school day in a confined space,” Chantal Devaux, the private Roman Catholic school’s director, told French media. “The decision to take such a large sample was made because it was the only way to advance the investigation.”
Summonses went out last week to 475 teenage students, 31 teachers and 21 others — either staff or males who were on campus at the time. Pagenelle’s office, which required parental permission for minors, promised to discard any DNA results from people who were eliminated as suspects.
“Even if they have the agreement of their parents they could refuse,” Jean-Francois Fountain, La Rochelle’s mayor, told RTL radio. “I’m trying to put a more positive view of things: If you do this, you clear yourself. There are hundreds of people today who will be cleared.”
Devaux acknowledged that all the results could still come back negative, sending investigators back to the drawing board.
From a legal standpoint, the decision is completely logical, said Christopher Mesnooh, an American lawyer who works in Paris.
“Of the 500 or so men there’s really only one who should have any concern,” Mesnooh said. “What you have to do in this kind of case is you have to balance each person’s right to privacy against what happened to this girl.”
Such testing has occurred in the past. A small town in rural Australia, Wee Waa, tested the entire male population or about 500 men in 2000 after the rape of a 93-year-old woman. It led to the conviction a farm laborer, Stephen James Boney.
English police trying to solve the rape and murder of two teenage girls in the village of Narborough were the first to use mass DNA collection in 1986, sampling 5,000 men in the earliest days of genetic testing. Police found the killer, Colin Pitchfork, after he asked a friend for a substitute blood sample.
France has also used DNA dragnets, including in 1997 when police trying to solve the rape and murder of a 13-year-old British girl ordered testing for about 3,400 men and boys. In 2004, investigators trying to solve the murder of an 11-year-old boy took 2,300 samples. Neither crime was solved.
Last year, a judge in Brittany ordered DNA tests for all 800 men and boys ages 15 to 75 living in a town plagued with arson fires. The man ultimately charged, a local grocer, had been tested but was arrested only after two more fires and more investigation.
When the DNA database was created, French privacy rights advocates said they were comfortable with it because it had clear limitations, said Jean-Pierre Dubois of the French League of Human Rights. Over time, he said, those limits have blurred.
“We are very surprised that the police officers have not been able to be a bit more precise. When you make an inquiry, you have other evidence and other testimony,” Dubois said. “Otherwise, you could say why only the people in the school? Why not all the inhabitants of the town or the region?”
An Army general is upholding Private Chelsea Manning’s conviction and 35-year prison sentence for giving reams of classified U.S. government information to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks.
The Military District of Washington said Monday that Maj. Gen. Jeffery Buchanan has taken final action in the court-martial of the former intelligence analyst from Crescent, Okla.
Manning was sentenced in August 2013 for six Espionage Act violations and 14 other offenses for leaking more than 700,000 secret military and State Department documents while serving in Iraq in 2009 and 2010.
As commander of the jurisdiction in which the trial was held, Buchanan could have approved or reduced the court-martial findings.
His action clears the way for an automatic appeal to the Army Court of Criminal Appeals.
Manning’s appellate lawyer said the sentence was excessive compared to past cases.
American Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps is coming out of retirement to compete for the first time since 2012′s London Olympic Games.
The 28-year-old Olympian who retired from competitive swimming in 2012 will compete at an event in Mesa, Ariz. on April 24-26.
“I think he’s just going to test the waters a little bit and see how it goes,” Phelp’s trainer, Bob Bowman, told the Associated Press. “I wouldn’t say it’s a full-fledged comeback.”
Bowman said Phelps hasn’t yet decided if he’ll compete in the U.S. national championship if he qualifies. Phelps, the most decorated athlete in Olympic history, has previously said he wouldn’t compete past age 30.
“He’s really doing this because he wants to — there’s no outside pressure at all,” Bowman said.
Guided by its scrappy startup ethic, Silicon Valley has disrupted entrenched industries from hotels to rental cars to pizza delivery, but a group of tech barons are raising the stakes with what may be their biggest challenge yet: American democracy.
Former Facebook president and Napster co-founder Sean Parker will command a $9.3 million war chest as CEO of Brigade Media LLC, a startup aimed at improving civic engagement in the U.S., according to an SEC filing made Monday.
With financial backing from other Silicon Valley bigwigs, including early Google investor Ron Conway and Salesforce.com CEO Marc Benioff, Brigade will take aim at boosting political engagement in government from the federal level down to state and local politics. “When you get beyond the federal level and certain statewide offices, most voters don’t know who’s making decisions on their behalf,” one anonymous source reportedly familiar with the matter told Politico.
Other big Silicon Valley names will join Parker on the company’s board, including Adam Conner as vice president of politics, John Thrall as vice president of engineering and David Henke on the board.
Citing anonymous insiders, Alex Wilhelm at Techcrunch reports Brigade will address the view that American democracy is not “scaling” properly to keep pace with changes in American society. Brigade, he says, will apply digital solutions to help voters stay informed and choose leaders.
(NEW YORK) — A con man already imprisoned in a collectible coin scam has been sentenced to life in prison for a failed plot to decapitate a New York judge and prosecutor.
Another judge in Brooklyn imposed the sentence on Monday against Joseph Romano.
Before hearing his fate, Romano told the judge he was innocent. He says he was framed by federal agents to keep him from exposing misconduct in the coin fraud investigation.
Romano was convicted in January in the decapitation plot. Jurors heard recordings of him agreeing to pay $40,000 to an agent posing as a hit man.
Prosecutors say the plot unfolded in 2012 after Romano was sentenced to 15 years in prison and ordered to forfeit $7 million in the coin scheme, which victimized elderly investors.
It’s finally the time of year to break out the barbecue and cook outdoors. Now if only you could afford some steaks to toss on the grill. MoreHere’s How to Spend Your Way to EuphoriaBeloved Little Car Amazingly Gets Smaller and Roomier at Same TimeMen Charged With Toppling Ancient Rock Formation Avoid Jail Time Huffington PostHere's An Updated Tally Of All The People Who Have Ever Died From A Marijuana Overdose Huffington PostMichael Phelps Ends Retirement People
This shouldn’t be coming as a surprise. Beef prices have been rising sharply since the beginning of the year, and the increases have come as a result of factors in play long before then. Thanks to long periods of drought, shrinking cattle herds, soaring feed prices, and high demand among consumers, analysts have been saying that beef prices will remain high for years to come.
So this week’s Associated Press headline indicating that beef prices in the U.S. have hit their highest levels in nearly three decades shouldn’t catch anyone off guard. Just how high are prices? USDA choice-grade beef reached $5.28 a pound in February, up from $4.19 a year prior and $3.97 in 2008, according to the Los Angeles Times.
Retail beef prices usually decrease after the winter holidays, hand in hand with a fall-off in demand after the period of New Year’s parties and Christmas gatherings is over. But that never really happened in early 2014. A Department of Agriculture reported released earlier this year indicated that average beef prices were up to $5.04 per pound, a record high that was quickly surpassed when the next Department of Agriculture study was published.
What’s a hungry home griller to do? Well, there’s always Meatless Monday. Long before the dramatic rise in beef prices, the concept of scaling back on meat consumption has been pushed as a way to improve one’s health and finances. Data cited by Bloomberg News indicates that Americans are eating less red meat than they have in the recent past. The USDA forecasts that Americans will eat an average of 101.7 pounds of red meat this year, compared to 104.4 pounds in 2013.
Even so, due to the exceptionally small number of cattle in the U.S., as well as growing demand for beef overseas, the supply-demand ratio has pushed prices higher—and likely, higher still down the road. Understandably enough, beef prices generally rise during “grilling season,” which peaks from Memorial Day to Labor Day.
Penny-pinching experts always roll out essentially the same handful of tips for coping with higher meat prices. You can make do with cheaper cuts, for instance, or eat more pork, poultry, or yes, even vegetables. Buying in bulk—at a warehouse club like Costco, or perhaps via a service like Zaycon Foods, which sells meat wholesale in church parking lots and other prearranged locations—is a classic bit of advice.
In fact, not that this will do us much good now, but back in January, observers who were taking note of the trajectory of wholesale prices were advising people to stock up on beef and freeze what meat couldn’t be used in the short-term. Prices were high then, but forecasts indicated that they’d be higher later on. And now we know, the forecasts were correct.
Facebook may be eyeing a significant move into the world of mobile payments. The company is close to receiving regulatory approval in Ireland to launch a service that would allow users to store money and make electronic payments through the social network, according to a report in the Financial Times. Such a service would put Facebook in direct competition with eBay’s PayPal division and Google’s Wallet app. MoreSilicon Valley Startup Seeks To Repair U.S. PoliticsNSA Denies Knowing About Heartbleed BugMen Charged With Toppling Ancient Rock Formation Avoid Jail Time Huffington PostHere's An Updated Tally Of All The People Who Have Ever Died From A Marijuana Overdose Huffington PostMichael Phelps Ends Retirement People
Facebook has long had an interest in online payments. The company launched the virtual currency Facebook Credits in 2011 as a way for users to pay for games on the social network, but shuttered the program the next year because it was overly complicated to convert Credits into international currencies. Early last year the company debuted Facebook Cards, reusable gift cards that can be loaded with credits, available in a variety of physical and digital stores. In the fall Facebook began a partnership with PayPal to allow users to tie their credit card info to their Facebook login to more quickly make online purchases around the Web.
A financial payments service that links directly to customers’ bank accounts would go a step further than past efforts. As people become more comfortable performing financial transactions online, there’s a growing demand for secure payment options, especially in emerging markets. The new Facebook service will reportedly target those markets, where the social network is focusing much of its energies these days. (For example: the $19 billion purchase of WhatsApp and the plan to beam affordable Internet to more parts of the world using drones.) A Facebook spokesperson declined to comment on the report.
If successful, a payments service would be a huge boon for all parts of Facebook’s business. Though the company makes most if its money from advertising, it pulled in nearly $900 million last year by claiming a fee on transactions carried out via the social network, usually for in-app purchases in video games. However, the migration of casual gaming to mobile apps has caused these fees to decline significantly as an overall portion of Facebook’s revenue, from 18 percent at the beginning of 2012 to 9 percent at the end of 2013. Expanding the ways people can spend money on Facebook could reverse this trend.
The service would also make Facebook’s ad units more appealing. The social network already has a massive trove of personal data on its 1.2 billion users. More information about exactly when users spend money would only drive up the value of this data for crafting targeted ads. The company could even incorporate point-of-purchase sales directly into users’ News Feeds, a feature Twitter is currently considering.
Still, users have so far not latched onto Facebook’s previous attempts en masse. Meanwhile competitors like Google have lost money in the sector. But with other companies like Chinese tech giants Alibaba and Tencent already attempting to merge social networking and commerce, this may be another example of Facebook staking a claim in an emerging sector to ensure the survival of its core business.
For the second time in three years, Bubba Watson won the Masters tournament on Sunday, and this time the celebration was a family affair.
The 35-year-old golfer celebrated with his wife and two-year-old son, Caleb, in front of a cheering crowd at Augusta National. Watson had tears in his eyes as his son walked out to greet him on the 18th green.
And to make Watson’s Masters win even sweeter, the player hit a Waffle House somewhere near Augusta National with family and friends to celebrate. “Champ dinner @WaffleHouse” he tweeted at about 2.40 am.
Who wanted a free-to-play version of Microsoft’s old history-minded real-time strategy game Age of Empires — show of hands? All I can see is mine not going up. I wouldn’t have expected a series like AoE to head in this direction, but then I guess I’m just blinkered, since the future’s inexorably micro-transactive.
Not that free-to-play can’t work for a real-time strategy game. “Recreate history with your hands,” claims the trailer above, even if history’s already been recreated plenty with hands holding mice and keyboards. I suppose the more important question at this point is who’s designing the thing, and we do know that: a company called KLab (I assume KLab America, specifically), whose prior mobile games include Eternal Uprising: End of Days, Crystal Casters, Rise to the Throne and Lord of the Dragons.
I’ve played none of those, and so have no insight into the studio’s competence at this point. The reaction to the YouTube video’s been predictably negative, of course, because the presumption is — rightly or wrongly — that taking a beloved and sophisticated strategy game mobile and free-to-play is just a cynical ploy to generate piles of cash, and above all else, an abandonment of original series developer Ensemble Studios’ principles.
Age of Empires: World Domination, which is what they’re calling the forthcoming iOS, Android and Windows Phone take on the series, employs a new battle system (obviously), and lets you play as the Celts, Vikings, Franks or Huns. The game should be available sometime this summer.
Kate Middleton doesn’t let a gorgeous red peplum get in the way of a good game of cricket. The Duchess may have forgotten her gym bag at home with her Latin notebook, but unlike the rest of us, she didn’t sit around playing M*A*S*H in the locker room with Becca from Spanish class.
She still made a face at having to do sports in heels in front of a bunch of people. CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND – APRIL 14: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge bats during a game of cricket in Latimer Square on April 14, 2014 in Christchurch, New Zealand. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are on a three-week tour of Australia and New Zealand, the first official trip overseas with their son, Prince George of Cambridge. (Photo by Samir Hussein/WireImage) Samir Hussein—WireImage
But because she’s a Duchess (and an athlete) she was able to pull it together: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge bats during a game of cricket in Latimer Square on April 14, 2014 in Christchurch, New Zealand. Samir Hussein—WireImage
It helps that she’s able to control the ball with her eyes because she’s royal. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge travel to Christchurch, New Zealand and played cricket with local children. Photograph by Ian Jones ©2014. Pool—Getty Images
When it comes to last night’s episode of Game of Thrones, the grislier and more shocking moments — which you can read about in our spoiler-ific recap, if you so desire — will require a at least another episode or two to unravel. But when it comes to some of the background maneuvering, the best place to look for an explanation is the real past — not the show’s future. MoreREVIEW: In FX’s Fargo, the Devil Goes Up to MinnesotaVIDEO: Best Moments from the 2014 MTV Movie AwardsMen Charged With Toppling Ancient Rock Formation Avoid Jail Time Huffington PostHere's An Updated Tally Of All The People Who Have Ever Died From A Marijuana Overdose Huffington PostPeta Murgatroyd Blogs: Cheryl Burke Returned James Maslow 'in Fine Form' People
The Westerosi practice of noble families taking “wards” has been a part of the drama since the beginning, illustrated particularly well by Theon Greyjoy’s place at Winterfell. He was a ward of the Starks — which means he was raised by the family sort of like a son but was, in actuality, a hostage.
Minor spoilers for Season 4, Episode 2 follow:
Theon’s position with the Starks was highlighted again last night when Roose Bolton pointed out to his bastard Ramsay that Theon was a valuable hostage whereas “Reek,” Theon’s traumatized persona, was worth far less. Ramsay countered that Reek was at least loyal to the Boltons, and knew all about the Stark family from having spent time with them. In addition, Doran Martell reminded the Lannisters that Joffrey’s younger sister Myrcella is still a ward in Dorne. (Other Westerosi wards include Petyr Baelish, who was a ward of the Tully family, and — though it’s made a bigger deal of in the books than it is on TV — Ned Stark and Robert Baratheon, who became friends when they were wards together at the Eyrie.)
To better understand the relationships between the families of fictional Westeros, it helps to understand the difference between the modern meaning of “hostage” and the definition used in ancient and medieval times.
Today, we think of hostages as people who are taken by criminals to help them get what they want. It used to be, however, that hostages were given. (As a report in the International Review of the Red Cross points out, many linguists believe that the root of the word comes from the Latin hospes, as in to “host” a guest.) Adam J. Kosto’s book Hostages in the Middle Ages makes the distinction clear. If you imagine a Hollywood bank-robbery scenario with hostages, the hostage-takers are acting without the agreement of the hostages or some larger body that could agree on their behalf. In Westeros, as in much of history, the hostage situation is set up by mutual agreement between the ward’s family and the family that will raise the ward. The idea is that the ward will be treated as a noble guest and raised alongside the children of the house, but the ward’s family — typically the losers in a prior conflict, as when the Greyjoy family tried to fight King Robert — will also know that if they try anything fishy, the kid might end up dead. One of the most famous historical examples is William Marshal, one of the most famous knights in British history, who was a hostage with the King and nearly died sometime around the age of 5 when his father dared to rise against royalty.
The complicated meaning of being a ward explains Theon’s mixed feelings about the Stark family, who were both his captors and the friends of his youth. They could have killed him at any time because the Greyjoy family had been proved weak, but they treated him kindly as long as his father stayed in his place.
It also means that — though Theon’s winning the screen-time battle — Myrcella may be the ward to watch: as tensions between the Martells and the Lannisters continue to rise in King’s Landing, the offscreen princess may well be one of the most important pawns in play.
The Bible could become Louisiana’s official state book if state legislators have their way.
A Louisiana House committee voted 8-5 last week to recommend a bill that would make the Bible Louisiana’s first-ever state book, the Baton Rouge, La. Advocate reported Monday.
Republican State Rep. Thomas Carmody said recognizing the Bible in this way would not be the same as making Christianity the official state religion, which would be illegal under the U.S. Constitution. “The Holy Bible would be appropriate for the state of Louisiana,” Carmody said, citing the state’s religious history.
While some representatives called the bill offensive and said it should be more inclusive of other religions, others debated which version of the Bible, such as a King James version, should be chosen if the bill goes ahead.
“Why not put all versions of the Bible?” Rep. Robert Billiot, D-Westwego, asked. “If there’s one, what are we saying about the rest of the people?”
Marjorie Esman, the executive director of the ACLU of Louisiana, said she was not pleased with the plan.
“This whole thing is really a not very well concealed effort to use discrimination against those people in Louisiana who do not include the Holy Bible in their belief system,” she told TIME. “It’s unfortunate that Louisiana thinks it’s okay to try and enshrine discrimination in the law.”
[Baton Rouge, La. Advocate]
(BEIRUT) — Hezbollah-owned Al-Manar TV says three of its journalists have been killed after they came under attack in the Syrian town of Maaloula.
The station says the three were filming in the historic Christian town Monday after it was seized by the Syrian army when the crew came after fire.
The TV said “armed gunmen” opened fire on the crew, using a term often employed by Syrian authorities to refer to rebels fighting to topple President Bashar Assad.
It identified the three as reporter Hamza al-Haj Hassan, technician, Halim Allaw, and cameraman Mohammed Mantash. A number of their colleagues were wounded, it said.
Jonathan D. Woods, TIME’s Senior Editor for Photo & Interactive, spent a weekend at Coachella. Here’s an intimate firsthand look at how he saw the music festival through a unique lens: Google Glass.
(KIGALI, Rwanda) — Police in Rwanda said Monday they have arrested a journalist and a musician for alleged links to opposition groups.
Kizito Mihigo, a genocide survivor and prominent singer and composer of music on the genocide, and Cassien Ntamuhanga, who until recently was the director of a Christian radio station, were among three people arrested. The third was a former soldier.
The three are accused of working for an opposition political group, the Rwanda National Congress, and the FDLR, an opposition rebel in Congo. The police statement said the three were planning the “violent overthrow of the government.”
Mihigo was until recently close to the government and had sung the national anthem in front of President Paul Kagame. His reconciliation programs, which brought together genocide victims and perpetrators, had been embraced by the government.
Mihigo did not play a prominent role in the 20th anniversary commemoration of Rwanda’s 1994 genocide, which was observed last week. The Kagame government says more than 1 million people died in the 100-day genocide.
Rwanda has won praise for its advances in economic development and women’s rights over the last 20 years, but critics say Kagame rules with an iron fist and tolerates little dissent or criticism.
One of Mihigo’s songs takes a dig at a controversial government program requiring ethnic Hutus — the group that carried out the vast majority of the 1994 killings — to apologize to Tutsis.
The program came under fire after it prompted Hutu children born after the genocide to apologize on behalf of their parents’ generation. Some criticized the program as a way to keep ethnic Hutus feeling guilty for the genocide.
A police spokesman, Damas Gatare, said the police are in possession of evidence, including grenades and witness testimony, that show those arrested were part of an active opposition network.
The journalist, Ntamuhanga, had been missing for a week. Reporters Without Borders reported last week that he had recently been questioned by intelligence officials regarding a fellow journalist who fled Rwanda several years ago and now supports an opposition radio station.
The chairman of the Rwanda Media Commission, Fred Muvunyi, said his group condemns the arrest and the manner in which it was carried out.
“Rwanda Media Commission is extremely concerned by the actions of Rwanda National Police. For the last one week journalists and his family have been worried by the disappearance of Ntamuhanga, and the police, which claimed to be looking for him, knew his whereabouts,” Muvunyi said.
Behold: the first sneak peek at The Fault in Our Stars, the highly-anticipated film (coming this summer) based on John Green’s 2012 young adult novel.
In this one-minute clip, the two teenage protagonists (played by Shailene Woodley and Ansel Elgort) flirt for the first time after meeting at a cancer support group. Things get real philosophical real fast and oh man we know we’re all just going to sob during this entire movie, aren’t we?
Michael Phelps is coming out of retirement, the first step toward swimming at the 2016 Rio Olympics.
The 22-time Olympic medalist will compete for the first time since the 2012 London Olympics at a meet in Mesa, Ariz., on April 24-26.
USA Swimming said Monday that Phelps is expected to join fellow Olympians Ryan Lochte and Katie Ledecky at the Arena Grand Prix at Skyline Aquatic Center.
Phelps returned to training last fall and re-entered the U.S. drug-testing program. He has completed his six-month waiting period to be eligible for competition by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency.
Phelps turns 29 in June and is the winningest and most decorated athlete in Olympic history. He captured 18 gold medals and 22 medals overall at the last three Summer Games. He broke Mark Spitz’s record for a single Olympics by winning eight gold medals at Beijing in 2008.