|Never pronounce the letter H (hache): alcohol, ahora, humano, Honduras, holocausto.
Do not combine H with any consonants other than C. CH always sounds as is "cheers."
|Hard C sound: /k/ as in kiss
S/Z sound:/s/ or /th/ as in sink/think
Hard G sound: /g/ as in get
Soft G sound: /h/ as in hen
|ca que qui co cu
za ce ci zo zu
ga gue gui go gu
ja je ji jo ju ge gi
|As you see, vowels e and i are exceptional in their combination with g and c.
The words que, quien, guerra and guitarra may help you remember these spelling changes.
|No double consonants except rr, ll, cc and nn
||ph → f : filosofía