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Typing Spanish Accented Characters and ¿ or ¡

Cómo digitar acentos y otros caracteres típicos del español

Macintosh just uses the key sequences below:
to get  press    at the same time as    and then 
á, é, í, ó, ú = alt
option
+E a, e, i, o, u
ü=alt
option
+U u
ñ=alt
option
+N  n
¡ (CL)=alt
option
+!  
¿ (CL)=alt
option
+shift ?
For capital letters, hit CAPS LOCK (CL) first (for older Macs)
or simply Shift+letter (for OS X systems)
Microsoft Word has the following shortcuts:
to get  press   at the same time as   and then 
á, é, í, ó, ú=Ctrl+ ' a, e, i, o, u
ü=Ctrl+
Shift
+ : u
ñ=Ctrl+
Shift
+ ~ n
¡= Ctrl+
Shift
+alt !
¿=Ctrl+
Shift
+ alt ?
For capital letters, hit CAPS LOCK first
Other word processors may have alternate methods;
see various options at: http://www.starr.net/is/type/kbh.html.

Using PC/Windows
There are two methods to type special characters into applications other than MS Word (such as Web pages):

1. The PC keystroke index can be handy when the special characters are seldom used. You just enter a 4-digit sequence on the number pad (with NUM LOCK on) while holding down the ALT key:

á = Alt + 0225 Á = Alt + 0193 ó = Alt + 0243 Ó = Alt + 0211 ¿ = Alt + 0191
é = Alt + 0233 É = Alt + 0201 ú = Alt + 0250 Ú = Alt + 0218 ¡ = Alt + 0161
í = Alt + 0237 Í = Alt + 0205 ñ = Alt + 0241 Ñ = Alt + 0209 ü = Alt + 0252
Hold the ALT key while typing the numbers on the Number Pad. Make sure Num Lock is on.

2. The U.S. International Keyboard Layout for Windows makes the accented characters quite easy to enter, but the keyboard behaves a bit differently. To use this method, one needs to (a) set it up, and (b) know how the keyboard behaves.

(a) Setting up the US International Keyboard. Click on your windows version:

• Windows Vista:
- Click Start-->Control Panel-->Clock, Language and Region-->Change Keyboards.
- In the new window, click on the Change Keyboards button. This opens a new window called "Text Services and Input Languages".
- Click on the Add button. Scroll and check the
English (United States) - United States-International keyboard. Click OK.
- Finally, in the upper part of the "Text Services and Input Languages" window, open the drop-down menu called Default Input Language and choose English (United States) - United States-International as your default for all input fields.

• Windows XP:
- Click Start-->Control Panel-->Date, Time, Language and Regional Options.
- Click on Regional and Language Options. In the new window, click on the Language Tab-->Details.
- In the new window, click on the Add button and then scroll to
    English (United States) - United States-International
as your Default Input Language.

• Windows 2000: click the Start button, then go to settings-->control panels-->regional options-->input locales and set the U.S. international keyboard.

(b) How the Keyboard behaves

In the US-International keyboard the five punctuation keys ' " ` ~ ^ are now "dead": nothing happens immediately upon pressing them, because the system will try to combine them with the next key you press. For example, type the apostrophe ' and then a to obtain á. Press ~ and then n to obtain ñ. Press " and then u for the ü, etc. (See table below).
The right alt key in combination with other keys also allow you to obtain certain characters, such as:
right alt + ? = ¿ right alt + ! = ¡ right alt + c = © right alt + e = é , etc. If you want to enter the mark by itself, simply press the key and then the space bar to get ' " ^ ~, etc.

• The table below provides the key sequences for the U.S. International Keyboard Layout:

Windows US-International Keyboard
to get  press   and then 
á, é, í, ó, ú = ' a, e, i, o, u
ü = " u
ñ = ~ n
to get  pressat the same time as 
¡ = right alt +!
¿ =right alt + ?
For capital letters, hit CAPS LOCK first
Enrique Yepes