Facts About Relationship Violence

Relationship violence, often referred to as dating violence or intimate partner violence (IPV), is violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim.

There are many different types of abuse.

Relationship violence can take many different forms, including physical abuse, emotional/verbal abuse, sexual abuse, financial abuse, digital abuse, coercion, and stalking.1 Various types of abuse usually occur in the same domestic violence relationship and can happen between partners of any gender, sexuality, race, or class.2

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A large number of female murder victims are murdered by a husband or an intimate partner.

One of the most common forms of violence against women is that done by a husband or intimate male partner, whereas men are much more likely to be attacked by a stranger or acquaintance.1 A report by the World Health Organization in 2013 found that 38% of all women who were murdered were murdered by their intimate partners.2 Studies from Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa, and the United States place this number higher, revealing that 40-70% of female murder victims are killed by their husband or intimate male partner.1

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Addressing the question "Why doesn't a victim leave their abuser?"

There are many reasons why a victim of domestic abuse may not leave their abusive partner. Factors that keep victims from leaving include fear of retaliation, lack of economic means, emotional dependence, lack of support from family and friends, personal safety concerns or concern for their children, and hope that the abuser will change.1 2 Leaving an abuser is not a simple process; in fact, intimate partner violence often escalates when a partner tries to leave. A significant proportion of intimate partner homicides occur when a women is trying to leave an abusive male partner.1

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