Good evening and welcome. I’m Barry Mills, president of Bowdoin College.
A year ago – in the late afternoon that Tuesday – members of this college community were gathering across campus in Morrell Gymnasium. All of us were shocked by the day’s terrible events in New York, Washington, and Pennsylvania. We were angry, confused, a bit frightened, and profoundly sad.
I was very proud of this college that day as we came together to support each other in a moment of intense confusion and uncertainty, all of us knowing that profound change was upon us and the rest of the world.
The next morning, an editorial in The New York Times described the terrorist attacks as “…one of those moments in which history splits, and we define the world as ‘before’ and ‘after’.”
On a personal note, it has not been for me always comfortable to be here in Maine while my friends in New York endured the last 12 months. For all of us here in Maine the visions of September 11 are vivid and horrific, but they are particularly vivid in New York City, DC and Pennsylvania. I have visited New York often over these last 12 months. Every time the City has been a bit different. In late September⎯very, very quiet⎯there were even American flags flying on the upper West Side of Manhattan. In late October⎯a visit to the WTC site and meetings on Wall Street⎯to smell and view the horror. In November⎯a trip to Hoboken to visit a Bowdoin alum⎯to stand on the shore across the New York harbor and watch the bright lights at the site while clean-up continued.
In the spring and summer months the City seemed alive again⎯back to its edgy and frenetic self. The planes from Maine to New York that flew directly over the WTC before September 11, now again fly directly over the site for a chilling view.
I don’t know Washington, DC or the Pennsylvania area well at all, so it is hard for me to measure change. But, my friends in New York say the feel more vulnerable, emotionally and physically, than ever before. Rest assured, the New York City attitude is back, but there is a sense of vulnerability that is unsettling. The media hype⎯which I find distasteful⎯insists that New York City will never be the same. I doubt this is true⎯but it will take much more time.
Over the course of the summer, my colleagues and I had several discussions about how to recognize this solemn occasion. Rather than relive the terrible images of a year ago, we wanted to do what a college ought to do: We wanted to bring thoughtful people together to engage this community in a conversation about where we’ve come in the past year and where we may be headed as a country and as citizens of the world. We also wanted to make sure there was an opportunity for each of you to join in the conversation and to pose questions.
Tonight, we want to look closely at what has happened in the world, in America, and in Maine after September 11, 2001. To help us do that, we have assembled a panel with expertise in foreign affairs, diplomacy, military affairs and homeland security, as well as civil liberties.
Our moderator this evening is Craig McEwen, Bowdoin’s Dean for Academic Affairs and the Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Political Economy and Sociology. Dean McEwen joined the Bowdoin faculty in 1975. A native of Ann Arbor, Michigan, Dean McEwen is a Phi Beta Kappa and summa cum laude graduate of Oberlin College. He earned his doctorate at Harvard University. Dean McEwen has written extensively about mediation and dispute resolution. Dean McEwen is the author of four books and has been a member of the Maine Board of Overseers of the Bar.
We have four panelists this evening:
Dorcas Gilpatrick is the associate director of the Maine Civil Liberties Union. She is responsible for the management of the MCLU’s legal program, which offers free legal services to persons whose constitutional rights have been violated or who have been the victim of unlawful discrimination. Ms. Gilpatrick graduated cum laude from Colby College and earned a master’s degree in English Literature at New Your University. She also manages the MCLU’s education program, which works to help students and adults understand the basics of constitutional rights and why those rights are fundamental to the working of a democracy.
Ambassador Laurence Pope served as a foreign service officer from 1969 to 2000, retiring with the rank of Minister Counselor. From 1991 to 1993 he was associate coordinator and acting coordinator for counter-terrorism for the U.S. State Department. He served as U.S. ambassador to Chad from 1993-96, and in 2000 was nominated as ambassador to Kuwait. He has been political advisor to General Anthony C. Zinni, commander in chief of the U.S. Central Command, and staff director of Senator George Mitchell’s international Middle East fact-finding committee. Since his retirement from the foreign service he has been a consultant to national security agencies and the Department of Defense. He is also a senior fellow at the Armed Forces Staff College. Ambassador Pope is a member of the Bowdoin College Class of 1967.
Major General Joseph E. Tinkham II serves as both the Adjutant General of Maine, commanding the Maine Army and Air National Guard, and as the Commissioner of the Maine Department of Defense, Veterans and Emergency Management. After September 11, 2001, he was named by Governor Angus King to coordinate the state’s plans and procedures to protect Maine citizens from terrorist attack. A native of Portland, Maine, he earned his bachelor’s degree at the University of the State New York. A veteran of the Vietnam War, General Tinkham holds numerous awards and decorations, including the Bronze Star and Legion of Merit.
Dov Waxman is an assistant professor of government here at Bowdoin. He teaches courses in the areas of international relations and Middle East politics. Before coming to Bowdoin, Dr. Waxman taught at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey, and was a visiting fellow at the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle East and African Studies at Tel Aviv University in Israel. Dr. Waxman has also worked as a researcher at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a foreign policy think tank in Washington, D.C. Dr. Waxman is a graduate of Oxford University. He earned his master’s degree and doctorate at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.
It’s my pleasure now to turn the microphone over to our moderator, Craig McEwen. Thank you for being here this evening.