Marine Algae and Invertebrates of Kent Island

Invertebrate PROTISTA

--Cyanophyta

    Calothrix sp. (Blue-green Algae)

--Chlorophyta

Ulvaceae

    Ulva lactuca (Sea Lettuce)
    Enteromorpha sp. (Hollow Green Weeds)

--Filamentous Seaweeds

    Chaetomorpha melagonium
    Rhizoclonium sp.
    Spongomorpha sp.

--Phaeophyta

Chordariaceae

    Leathesia difformis (Sea Potato)

Fucaceae

Fucus spp. (Rockweeds)

    F. vesiculosus
    F. spiralis
    F. distichus ssp. -edentatus -filiformis
    Ascophyllum nodosum (Knotted Wrack)

Laminariaceae

    Alaria esculenta (Edible Kelp)
    Agarum cribosum (Sea Colander)
    Laminaria digitata (Horsetail Kelp)
    Laminaria longicruris (Hollow Stemmed Kelp)
    Laminaria saccharina (Sugar Kelp)

Desmarestiaceae

    Desmarestia aculeata (Spiny Sour Weed)
    Desmarestia viridis (Soft Sour Weed)

Punctariaceae

    Scytosiphon lomentaria (Sausage Weed)

--Filamentous Seaweeds

    Ectocarpus confervoides (Brown Tufts)
    Elachistea fucicola (Brown Pom-Pom)

--Rhodophyta

Bangiaceae

    Porphyra leucosica (Laver)

Dumontiaceae

    Dumontia incrassata (Dumont's Red Weed)

Corallinaceae

    Corallina officinalis (Coral Weed)

Kallymeniaceae

    Euthora cristata (Lacy Red Weed)

Solieriaceae

    Agardhiella tenera (Agardh's Red Weed)

Phyllophoraceae

    Ahnfeltia plicata (Wire Weed)
    Polyides caprinus (Twig Weed)
    Phyllophora sp. (Leaf Weed)

Gigartinaceae

    Chondrus crispus (Irish Moss)
    Mastocarpus stellata (Tufted Red Weed)

Rhodymeniaceae

    Rhodymenia palmata (Dulse)

Ceramiaceae

    Ceramium rubrum (Banded Weed)
    Ptilota serrata (Red Fern)
    Spyridia filamentosa

Delesseriaceae

    Phycodrys rubens (Sea Oak)

Rhodomelaceae

    Polysiphonia lanosa (Tubed Weed)
    Polysiphonia denudata

--Crustose Algae

    Hildenbrandtia prototypus
    Lithothamnium sp. (Coralline Crust)

--Filamentous Seaweeds

    Rhodochorton purpureum (Red Mat Weed)

PLANTAE

--Spermatophyta

Zosteraceae

    Zostera marina (Eel Grass)

Chenopodiaceae

    Salicornia sp. (Glasswort)

Poaceae

    Spartina alterniflora (Cordgrass)

ANIMALIA

--Porifera

Haliclonidae

    *Haliclona oculata (Dead Man's Finger Sponge)

Halichondridae

    Halichondria panicea (Bread Crumb Sponge)

--Cnideria

- Hydrozoa

Hydractiniidae

    Hydractinia echinata (Snail Fur)

Sertularidae

    Sertularia pumila (Garland Hydroid)
    Sertularia cornicina

- Anthozoa

Metridiidae

    Metridium senile (Frilled Anemone)

Actinidae

    Tealia felina (Norther Red Anemone)
    Bunodactis stella (Silver-spotted Anemone)

- Scyphozoa

Eleutherocarpidae

    Haliclystus auricula (Stalked Jellyfish)

- Bryozoa

Membraniporidae

    Membranipora sp. (Lacy Crust)
    Electra pilosa (Sea Lace)

- Rhynchocoela

Amphiporidae

    Amphiporus angulatus (Many Eyed Nemertean)

--Mollusca

- Polyplacophora

Ischnochitonidae

    Ischnochiton ruber (Red Chiton)

- Gastropoda

Acmaeidae

    Acmaea testudinalis (Tortoiseshell Limpet)

Lacunidae

    Lacuna vincta (Chink Shell)

Littorinidae

    Littorina littorea (Common Periwinkle)
    Littorina saxatilis (Rough Periwinkle)
    Littorina obtusata (Smooth Periwinkle)

Naticidae

    Lunatia heros (Northern Moon Snail)

Thaididae

    Thais lapillus (Dog Welk)

Nassariidae

    Nassarius obsoletus (Mud Dog Welk)

Buccinidae

    Buccinum undatum (Waved Welk)
    *Colus stimpsoni (Stimpson's Welk)
    *Neptunea decemcostata (Ten Riged Welk)

Onchidoridae

    Onchidoris muricata (Rough-mantled Nudibranch)

Polyceridae

    Ancula sp.

Aeolidiidae

    Aeolidia papillosa (Maned Nudibranch)

Coryphellidae

    Coryphella sp. (Red-gilled Nudibranch)

Dendronotidae

    Dendronotus frondosus (Bushy-backed Nudibranch)

--Bivalvia

Mytillidae

    Mytillus edulis (Blue Mussel)

    Modiolus modiolus (Horse Mussel)

Pectinidae

    *Placopecten magellanicus (Deep-sea Scallop)

Mactridae

    *Spisula solidissima (Surf Clam)

Myacidae

    Mya arenaria (Soft-shelled Clam)

Hiatellidae

    Hiatella arctica (Arctic Rock Borer)

Anomiidae Anomia simplex (Jingle Shell)

--Annelida

- Polychaeta

Polyoidae

    Lepidonotus sp. (12-Scaled Worm)

Nereidae

    Nereis sp. (Clam Worm)

Capitellidae

    Capitella sp. (Capitellid Thread Worms)

Arenicolidae

    Arenicola sp. (Lug Worm)

Oweniidae

    Owenia fusiformis (Bamboo Worm)

Pectinariidae

    Pectinaria gouldii (Trumpet Worm)

Terebellidae

    Amphitrite sp. (Terebellid Worm) Pista sp.

Sabellidae

    Myxicola infundibulum (Fan Worm)

Serpulidae

    Spirorbis borealis

--Sipuncula

    Phascolopsis gouldii (Gould's Sipunculid)

--Arthropoda

- Pantopoda

Pycnogonidae

    Pycnogonum littorale (Anemone Sea Spider)

--Crustacea

Balanidae

    Balanus balanoides (Northern Rock Barnacle)

Gammaridae

    Gammarus sp. (Scud)

Aoridae

    Corophium sp. (Tube Building Amphipod)

Caprellidae

    Caprella sp. (Skeleton Shrimp)

Hippolytidae

    Hippolyte sp. (Grass Shrimp)

Paguridae

    Pagurus arcuatus (Hairy Hermit Crab)
    Pagarus acadianus (Acadian Hermit Crab)

Cancridae

    Cancer irroratus (Rock Crab)
    Cancer borealis (Jonah Crab)

Porunidae

    Carcinus maenas (Green Crab)

--Echinodermata

- Echinoidea

Strongylocentrotidae

    Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Green Sea Urchin)

Echinarachnidae

    *Echinarachnius parma (Sand Dollar)

Stelleroidea

Echinasteridae

    Henricia sp. (Blood Star)

Asteriidae

    Asterias vulgaris (Northern Sea Star)

Amphiuridae

    Axiognathus squamatus (Dwarf Brittle Star)

- Holothuroidea

Cucumariidae

    Cucumaria frondosa (Orange-footed Cucumber)

Chiridotidae

    Chiridota laevis (Silky Cucumber)

Psolidae Psolus fabricii (Scarlet Psolus)

--Hemichordata

Harrimaniidae

    Saccoglossus kowalewskii (Kowalewsky's Acorn Worm)

--Chordata

- Osteichthyes

    Pholis gunnellus (Rock Gunnel)

Molgulidae

    Molgula sp. (Sea Grape)

*Indicates shell found only

References

Day, C.H. Life on Intertidal Rocks. Berkeley: Nature Study Guild. 1987.

Gosner, K.L. A Field Guide to the Atlantic Seashore. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1978.

Lamb, I.M., Zimmermann, M.H., and E.E. Webber. Artificial Key to the Common Marine Algae of New England North of Cape Cod. Cambridge: Farlow Herbarium, Harvard University. 1977.