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The College Catalogue

Government and Legal Studies – Courses

Level A Courses

First-Year Seminars

All first-year seminars offered by the department are designed to provide an introduction to a particular aspect of government and legal studies. Students are encouraged to analyze and discuss important political concepts and issues, while developing research and writing skills.

Regisration is limited to sixteen first-year students in each first-year seminar. For descriptions, see First-Year Seminars.

[1000 {21} b. Citizenship and Representation in American Politics.]

1001 {25} b. Representation, Participation, and Power in American Politics. Fall 2013. Janet M. Martin.

1002 {27} b. Political Leadership. Fall 2013. Andrew C. Rudalevige.

1011 {26} b. Fundamental Questions: Exercises in Political Theory. Fall 2013. Jean M. Yarbrough.

[1012 {28} b. Human Being and Citizen.]

1016 {29} b. How to Rule the World. Fall 2013. Shilo Brooks.

1025 {18} b. NGOs in Politics. Fall 2013. Laura A. Henry.

1026 {20} b. Global Media and Politics. Fall 2013. Henry C. W. Laurence.

1030 {10} b. The Pursuit of Peace. Fall 2013. Allen L. Springer.

1037 {11} b. The Korean War. Fall 2013. Christian P. Potholm.

Introductory Lectures

These courses are intended for first-year students and sophomores. Others may take them only with the permission of the instructor.

1100 {150} b. Introduction to American Government. Spring 2014. Michael M. Franz.

Provides a comprehensive overview of the American political process. Specifically, traces the foundations of American government (the Constitution, federalism, civil rights, and civil liberties), its political institutions (Congress, Presidency, courts, and bureaucracy), and its electoral processes (elections, voting, and political parties). Also examines other influences, such as public opinion and the mass media, which fall outside the traditional institutional boundaries, but have an increasingly large effect on political outcomes.

1400 {120} b. Introduction to Comparative Government. Spring 2014. Ericka A. Albaugh.

Provides a broad introduction to key concepts in comparative politics. Most generally, asks why states are governed differently, both historically and in contemporary politics. Begins by examining foundational texts, including works by Marx, Smith, and Weber. Surveys subfields within comparative politics (the state, regime types, nations and nationalism, party systems, development, and civil society) to familiarize students with major debates and questions.

1600 {160} b. Introduction to International Relations. Fall 2013. Barbara Elias. Spring 2014. Marc R. Scarcelli.

Provides a broad introduction to the study of international relations (IR). Designed to strike a balance between empirical and historical knowledge and the obligatory theoretical understanding and schools of thought in IR. Designed as an introductory course to familiarize students with no prior background in the subject, and recommended for first- and second-year students intending to take upper-level international relations courses.

Level B Courses

Level B courses are designed to introduce students to or extend their knowledge of a particular aspect of government and legal studies. The courses range from the more introductory to the more advanced. Students should consult the individual course descriptions regarding any prerequisites.

[2000 {201} b. Law and Society.]

2005 {202} b. The American Presidency. Fall 2013. Andrew C. Rudalevige. Spring 2014. Janet M. Martin.

An examination of the presidency in the American political system, including the “road to the White House” (party nomination process and role of the electoral college), advisory systems, the institutional presidency, relations with Congress and the courts, and decision-making in the White House. In addition, the instructors draw from their own research interests. For Professor Martin these include presidential-congressional relations, the unilateral action of the President, the role of women as advisors within the White House and in the executive branch, and the influence of outside groups on the White House’s consideration of issues. For Professor Rudalevige these include presidents’ inter-branch relations, with a recent emphasis on presidential efforts to manage the wider executive branch through administrative and unilateral tactics.

2010 {204} b. United States Congress. Fall 2013. Janet M. Martin.

An examination of the United States Congress, with a focus on members, leaders, constituent relations, the congressional role in the policy-making process, congressional procedures and their impact on policy outcomes, the budget process, and executive-congressional relations.

2015 {215} b. Public Administration. Spring 2014. Andrew C. Rudalevige.

We deal with public organizations every day—nearly 15 percent of the United States workforce operates within one—addressing concerns ranging from playground safety to the prevention of international terrorism. Explores how and why this vital part of government works the way it does in the American political context. What do public organizations do? How well do they do it? How are they (and how might they be) managed? How do they distribute resources, and under what constraints? How are they similar to or different from their private sector counterparts? Is “red tape” always a bad thing? Considering these questions, examines a variety of real-world cases; these might include the Cuban Missile Crisis, the response to Hurricane Katrina, or the implementation of No Child Left Behind. Underlying discussion will be the perpetual difficulty in reconciling organizational efficiency with democratic accountability.

2020 {210} b. Constitutional Law I. Every fall. Fall 2013. George S. Isaacson.

Examines the development of American constitutionalism, the power of judicial review, federalism, and separation of powers.

2021 {211} b. Constitutional Law II: Civil Rights and Liberties. Every spring. Spring 2014. Richard E. Morgan.

Examines questions arising under the First and Fourteenth Amendments.

Prerequisite: Government 2020 {210}.

[2030 {206} b. Policy Development in the United States.]

2035 {216} b. Maine Politics. Fall 2013. Christian P. Potholm.

An analysis of politics in the state of Maine since World War II. Subjects covered include the dynamics of Republican and Democratic rivalries and the efficacy of the Independent voter, the rise of the Green and Reform parties, the growing importance of ballot measure initiatives, and the interaction of ethnicity and politics in the Pine Tree State. An analysis of key precincts and Maine voting paradigms is included, as well as a look at the efficacy of such phenomena as the north/south geographic split, the environmental movement, and the impact of such interest groups as SAM, the Tea Party, and the Roman Catholic Church. Students are expected to follow contemporary political events on a regular basis.

[2055 {203} b. Political Parties in the United States.] 

[2060 {205} b. Campaigns and Elections.]

2070 {208} b. Mass Media and American Politics. Fall 2013. Michael M. Franz.

Examines the role of the media as the “fourth branch” of government. Focuses first on the history of the media throughout American political development, and then examines the role of the media in contemporary politics. Is the media biased? How? What are the effects of media coverage on citizens? How do we measure media effects? What is the interplay of politicians, citizens, and journalists? Spends considerable time on the development and impact of new media outlets.

[2080 {255} b. Quantitative Analysis in Political Science.]

2200 {240} b. Classical Political Philosophy. Fall 2013. Jean M. Yarbrough.

A survey of classical political philosophy focusing on selected dialogues of Plato, the political writings of Aristotle, and St. Augustine’s City of God. Examines ancient Greek and early Christian reflections on human nature, justice, the best regime, the relationship of the individual to the political community, the relationship of philosophy to politics, and the tension between reason and revelation.

2210 {241} b. Modern Political Philosophy. Spring 2014. Shilo Brooks.

A survey of modern political philosophy from Machiavelli to Mill. Examines the overthrow of the classical horizon, the movement of human will and freedom to the center of political thought, the idea of the social contract, the origin and meaning of rights, the relationship between freedom and equality, the role of democracy, and the replacement of nature by history as the source of human meaning. Authors may include Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, and Mill.

2220 {244} b. Liberalism and Its Critics. Fall 2013. Shilo Brooks.

An examination of liberal democratic doctrine and of religious, cultural, and radical criticisms of it in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Authors may include Locke, Kant, Burke, Tocqueville, Mill, Marx, and Nietzsche.

2230 {250} b. American Political Thought. Spring 2014. Jean M. Yarbrough.

Examines the political thought of American statesmen and writers from the founding to the twentieth century, with special emphasis on three pivotal moments: the Founding, the Crisis of the House Divided, and the growth of the modern welfare state. Readings include the Federalist Papers, the Anti-Federalists, Jefferson and Hamilton, Calhoun, Lincoln, William Graham Sumner, the Progressives, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and contemporary thinkers on both the right and the left.

[2260 {245} b. Contemporary Political Philosophy.]

[2270 {246} b. Religion and Politics.]

[2280 {249} b. Eros and Politics.]

2295 b. Political Philosophy and the Problem of History. Spring 2014. Shilo Brooks.

Examines the emergence and political consequences of the view that history, culture, and human creativity should replace nature, reason, and God as the source of moral values. Can the view that all moral orientations are relative to time and place provide a sufficient foundation for a healthy political life? Authors may include Hegel, Nietzsche, Weber, Heidegger, and Strauss.

2400 {224} b. West European Politics. Fall 2013. Laura A. Henry.

Analyzes the dynamics of West European political systems, including the varieties of parliamentary and electoral systems and the formation of governments and lawmaking. Addresses contemporary political challenges in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and other states, considering topics such as institutional reform, welfare state policies, economic growth and unemployment, immigration, relations with the United States, and other foreign policy concerns. The European Union is not examined, as it is a separate course, Government 2500 {225}: The Politics of the European Union.

2405 b. British Politics and Society. Spring 2014. Henry C. W. Laurence.

Comprehensive overview of modern British politics in historical, social, and cultural context. Considers the historical formation of the United Kingdom and the development of the modern democratic state, but focuses on political developments after 1945. Analyzes party politics, the Welfare State, Thatcherism, and the contemporary political scene. Explores policy issues including healthcare, education, economic policy, and the role of the media.

[2408 {221} b. Division and Consensus: The Government and Politics of Ireland.]

[2410 {230} b. Post-Communist Russian Politics and Society.]

2440 {227} b - IP. Contemporary Chinese Politics. Spring 2014. Christopher Heurlin.

Examines Chinese politics in the context of a prolonged revolution. After a survey of the political system as established in the 1950s and patterns of politics emerging from it, the analytic focus turns to political change in the reform era (since 1979) and the forces driving it. Topics include the political impact of decentralization and marketization, the reintegration into the capitalist world economy, and the development of the legal system. The adaptation by the Communist Party to these changes and the prospects of democratization are also examined. (Same as Asian Studies 2060 {227}.)

2445 {286} b - IP. Asian Communism: The Politics of China, Vietnam, North Korea, and Mongolia. Fall 2013. Christopher Heurlin.

Examines the Asian communism in China, Vietnam, North Korea, and Mongolia. Asian communism presents a series of fascinating questions. Why did communist revolutions occur in some Asian states but not others? Why were relations between some Asian communist states peaceful while others were hostile? Why did some adopt significant economic reforms while others maintained command economies? Why did communist regimes persist in most Asian states, while Communism fell in Mongolia and all of Europe? The approach of the course is explicitly comparative and structured around thematic comparisons between the four states. (Same as Asian Studies 2860 {280}.)

2450 {232} b - ESD, IP. Japanese Politics and Society. Fall 2013. Henry C. W. Laurence.

Comprehensive overview of modern Japanese politics in historical, social, and cultural context. Analyzes the electoral dominance of the Liberal Democratic Party, the nature of democratic politics, and the rise and fall of the economy. Other topics include the status of women and ethnic minorities, education, war guilt, nationalism, and the role of the media. (Same as Asian Studies 2320 {282}.)

[2480 {239} b. Comparative Constitutional Law.]

[2482 {283} b. Social Movements and Popular Protest.]

[2484 {235} b - IP. Comparative Environmental Politics. (Same as Environmental Studies 2306 {236}.)]

2486 {231} b - IP. The Politics of Dictatorship: Authoritarian Resilience and Democratization. Spring 2014. Christopher Heurlin.

Despite the end of the Cold War, dictatorship has persisted—even thrived. At least 40 percent of states in the world remain authoritarian. Introduces students to the social and political logic of dictatorship. Explores questions such as: Where do dictatorships come from? Why might people support dictatorships? What effect does dictatorship have on political, economic, and social outcomes? How do dictatorships differ from one another? Why are some dictatorships resilient and stand the test of time while some quickly collapse? When dictatorships collapse, why are some dictatorships replaced by other dictatorships, while others democratize? Concentrates on the post-World War II era and explores the dynamics of dictatorship in regions throughout the world, including the Middle East, Latin America, Asia, Europe, and Africa.

2500 {225} b - IP. The Politics of the European Union. Spring 2014. Laura A. Henry.

Explores the historical foundations, scope, and consequences of European political and economic integration since 1951. Examines how the European Union’s supranational political institutions, law, and policies have developed and how they affect the domestic politics of member states. Considers challenges faced by the European Union: enlargement to include Eastern European members, the loss of national sovereignty and the “democratic deficit,” the creation of a European identity, and the development of a coordinated foreign policy.

[2520 {226} b. Government and Politics of the Middle East.]

[2525 {273} b - IP. War, Government, and Politics in Iraq.]

[2530 {222} b - IP. Politics and Societies in Africa. (Same as Africana Studies 2530 {222}.)]

[2545 {234} b - IP. Politics in East Asia. (Same as Asian Studies 2821 {234}.)]

2570 {220} b. The Politics of Development: Poverty, Prosperity, and Political Change. Fall 2013. Ericka A. Albaugh.

Examines the meaning of development from economic and political perspectives. Considers various theories and practices of development that have been applied to newly independent states in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Investigates why trajectories of economic growth and political stability have been so uneven in different regions of the world. Incorporates views from both external and internal actors on issues such as foreign aid, multilateral institutions, good governance, and democratic participation.

[2572 {237} b - ESD. The Politics of Ethnicity: Construction and Mobilization of Ethnic Identity Claims.]

2573 {285} b - IP. States of Languages and Languages of States. Fall 2013. Ericka A. Albaugh.

Examines the role of language in politics. Governments historically have tried to spread a single language within their populations through education and military conscription. What are the roots of this motivation? Does language standardization deepen the possibility for citizen participation and democracy? How have minority language groups responded? As the right to language has become a global norm, what effects will this have on the cohesiveness of existing states? Will globalization bring with it linguistic fragmentation or the worldwide spread of a few languages such as English, Arabic, and Chinese? Looks at the language question in the United States as well as in cases drawn from Europe, Asia, and Africa. Students will choose a country in which to evaluate the historical and present state of languages and language(s) of state. Topics touched by language will include democracy, state-building, colonization, violence, education, human rights, and globalization.

2574 {275} b. Rioters, Rebels, and Revolutionaries: Contentious Politics. Fall 2013. Christopher Heurlin.

Examines the rough-and-tumble world of contentious politics, which includes forms of social mobilization as diverse as riots, revolutions, and rebellions. While much of “routine politics” takes place through elections, examines activities that cross over into the extraordinary and asks questions such as: What is the relationship between elections and riots? Why do some revolutionary movements succeed while others fail? Given great personal risks, why do some people protest in dictatorships? How do states respond to protests and why? Examines the commonalities and differences between these diverse events through case studies throughout the developing world, including Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.

[2578 {236} b. Global Media and Politics.]

2580 {233} b. Advanced Comparative Politics: Government, War, and Society. Every spring. Spring 2014. Christian P. Potholm.

An examination of the forces and processes by which governments and societies approach and wage or avoid wars. The theories and practices of warfare of various political systems will be analyzed and particular attention will be paid to the interface where politics, society, and the military come together under governmental auspices in various comparative contexts. Specific examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America are examined.

[2600 {260} b. International Law.]

2615 {263} b. International Environmental Policy. Fall 2013. Allen L. Springer.

Examines the political, legal, and institutional dimension of international efforts to protect the environment. Problems discussed include transboundary and marine pollution, maintaining biodiversity, and global climate change. (Same as Environmental Studies 2308 {263}.)

2670 {270} b. United States Foreign Policy. Fall 2013. Barbara Elias.

Examines the development and conduct of United States foreign policy. Analyzes the impact of intragovernmental rivalries, the media, public opinion, and interest groups on the policy-making process, and provides case studies of contemporary foreign policy issues.

2680 {261} b. International Security. Spring 2014. Barbara Elias.

National security is a principal interest for states, but what exactly does that mean in international political life, and for the security of ordinary people like us? What strategic options are available to decision makers tasked with protecting national security? How much do national security polices reflect coherent planning, and how much are policies the product of competing international, economic, and technological constraints, or domestic political interests? Analyzing the strategy and politics of diplomacy, alliances, threats, aid, and war, aims to provide an overview of security studies within the field of international relations.

2683 {279} b. Terrorism. Fall 2013. Marc R. Scarcelli.

An in-depth study of the problem of terrorism, including its definition, historical origins and development, specific cases of terrorist organizations, its expansion into a global phenomenon, tactics and strategies, and the question of causes, as well as the issues surrounding counterterrorism’s tactics, strategies, and policy dilemmas.

2687 {287} b. Transnational Crime. Fall 2013. Marc R. Scarcelli.

Examines several distinct categories of global crime. Places a strong emphasis on transnational smuggling industries, especially drug, weapons, and human smuggling, as well as several niche smuggling industries, including exotic animals, animal products, human organs, historical artifacts, and toxic waste. Also examines several other categories of global crime, including human trafficking, counterfeits, money laundering, and bribery. Analyzes the role of laws, policies, and social norms in both inadvertently shaping these criminal industries and in attempting to counter them.

[2689 {269} b - IP. Environmental Security. (Same as Environmental Studies 2369 {269}.)]

[2800 {243} b. Might and Right among Nations.]

[2930 {284} b. The Politics of the Family.]

[2940 {219} c. Education and Law. (Same as Education 2250 {250}.)]

2970–2974 {291–294} b. Intermediate Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: American Politics. The Department.

2975–2979 {291–294} b. Intermediate Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: Political Theory. The Department.

2980–2984 {291–294} b. Intermediate Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: Comparative Politics. The Department.

2985–2989 {291–294} b. Intermediate Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: International Relations. The Department.

2999 {299} b. Intermediate Collaborative Study in Government and Legal Studies.
The Department.

Level C Courses

Level C courses provide seniors and juniors with appropriate background the opportunity to do advanced work within a specific subfield. Registration is limited to fifteen students in each seminar. Priority is given to senior majors, then junior majors. These courses are not open to first-year students.

3000 {303} b. The Law and Politics of Freedom of Speech. Spring 2014. Richard E. Morgan.

While focusing primarily on American material, students have the option of choosing speech controversies in other polities as the subject of their seminar papers.

3010 {304} b. Advanced Seminar in American Politics: Presidential-Congressional Relations. Spring 2014. Janet M. Martin.

Examines presidential-congressional relations through a number of perspectives, including use of historical, quantitative, and institutional analyses. Readings consider the relationship between the executive branch and Congress in both the domestic arena (including regulatory and budgetary policy) and in the area of foreign and defense policy.

[3020 {308} b. Money and Politics.]

3025 b. The Politics of Policy Implementation. Spring 2014. Andrew C. Rudalevige.

What happens after a bill becomes a law? During implementation, the separated system of American governance comes into sharp relief across the branches of government and across three (or more) levels of government as well. Examines how the wide range of institutional players involved—from legislators to regulators to chief executives to judges to front-line service providers—act and interact. Case studies (e.g., entitlement reform, education policy, intelligence reorganization, health care) will be used to evaluate competing theoretical frameworks.

[3030 {309} b. American Political Development.]

3200 {341} b. Advanced Seminar in Political Theory: Tocqueville. Spring 2014. Jean M. Yarbrough.

More than 150 years after its publication, Democracy in America remains the most powerful sympathetic critique of modern liberal democracy ever written. Careful reading of the text and selected secondary sources leads to examination of Tocqueville’s analysis of the defects to which the democratic passion for equality gives rise and consideration of possible solutions that, in contrast to the Marxist and Nietzschean critiques, aim at preserving the liberal democratic way of life.

[3220 {346} b. Nietzsche.]

3400 {332} b. Advanced Seminar in Japanese Politics. Spring 2014. Henry C. W. Laurence.

Analyzes the political, social, and cultural underpinnings of modern politics, and asks how democracy works in Japan compared with other countries. Explores how Japan has achieved stunning material prosperity while maintaining among the best health care and education systems in the world, high levels of income equality, and low levels of crime. Students are also instructed in conducting independent research on topics of their own choosing. (Same as Asian Studies 3300 {332}.)

Prerequisite: Asian Studies 2320 {282} (same as Government 2450 {232}).

3500 {321} b. Social Protest and Political Change. Spring 2014. Laura A. Henry.

Analyzes the role of social protest in generating political change on issues such as civil rights, environmentalism, women’s rights, indigenous rights, and globalization. Begins by considering different theoretical approaches to understanding the emergence and effectiveness of social movements and non-governmental organizations. Then engages in comparative analysis of social protest in Europe, the United States, Latin America, and elsewhere, paying particular attention to the advantages and risks of the increasingly transnational nature of social activism.

[3510 {324} b. Post-Communist Pathways.]

3520 {325} b. State-Building in Comparative Perspective. Spring 2014. Ericka A. Albaugh.

States form the foundation of modern politics. Comparative government explores their variation; international relations examines their interaction. States can be instruments of oppression or engines of progress, and recent scholarship has focused on their strength, weakness, and failure. This capstone course explores the processes that produced the early modern state in Europe, then looks at more recent attempts to replicate state development in Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. The role of war in state formation and the subject of citizenship receive particular attention.

[3530 {327} b. Political Development in the West.]

[3540 {330} b. Ending Civil Wars.]

[3560 {336} b. Advanced Seminar in Comparative Political Economy.]

3590 {359} b. Political Violence. Spring 2014. Marc R. Scarcelli.

Provides an in-depth study of political violence, a set of phenomena that includes international war, civil war, ethnic conflict, political repression, genocide, ethnic cleansing, revolutions, coups, and terrorism. Groups political violence into three general categories: reciprocal violence, violence by the state, and violence against the state. Broadly examines why these patterns of violence exist, drawing upon social-psychological, economic, and institutional perspectives, in tandem with consideration of numerous specific cases.

3600 {361} b. Advanced Seminar in International Relations: Conflict Simulation and Conflict Resolution. Spring 2014. Christian P. Potholm.

An upper-level interdisciplinary seminar on the nature of both international and national conflict. A variety of contexts and influence vectors are examined and students are encouraged to look at the ways conflicts can be solved short of actual warfare, as well as by it.

[3610 {363} b. Advanced Seminar in International Relations: Law, Politics, and the Search for Justice. (Same as Environmental Studies 3963 {363}.)]

[3900 {393} c. Religious Culture and Politics in Southeast Asia. (Same as Asian Studies 3550 {344} and Religion 3344 {344}.)]

4000–4004 {401–404} b. Advanced Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: American Politics. The Department.

4005–4009 {401–404} b. Advanced Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: Political Theory. The Department.

4010–4014 {401–404} b. Advanced Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: Comparative Politics. The Department.

4015–4019 {401–404} b. Advanced Independent Study in Government and Legal Studies: International Relations. The Department.

4029 {405} b. Advanced Collaborative Study in Government and Legal Studies. The Department.

4050–4051 b. Honors Project in Government and Legal Studies: American Politics. The Department.

4055–4056 b. Honors Project in Government and Legal Studies: Political Theory. The Department.

4060–4061 b. Honors Project in Government and Legal Studies: Comparative Politics. The Department.

4065–4066 b. Honors Project in Government and Legal Studies: International Relations. The Department.

Online Catalogue content is current as of August 1, 2013. For most current course information, use the online course finder. Also see Addenda.