Last night was something like the “good old times” of the last Expedition.
The wind increases during evening, + about 11.30 the ship began to complain. Soon after midnight I dressed + went out. Wind very fresh from the N. (true) tide flood, + the ice grinding ominously past the point of the Cape. The ice outside of us was humming + groaning with the pressure which steadily increased.
In a little while the ice broke + began to rafter just beyond edge of ice foot. A few minutes later the whole ice broke with a roar into a tumbling chaos of ice blocks some upheaving, some going under, + a big rafter forward at the ice foot edge increasing in size + advancing upon us. The grounded piece off our starboard beam was forced in + driven against the big block under our starboard quarter but without disturbing it. The pressure + the motion continued in pushes for something less than an hour, the rafter forcing in until it just reached our side + the ice against the R – from amidships to the stern on the starboard side was broken up. I had all hands called, + all fires extinguished except that in the galley. Some of the Eskimos went ashore. The R – itself did not move. With the turn of the tide about 1.30 the water waned. The disturbance was undoubtedly caused by a big floe coming past the Cape on the flood + before the wind, + being brought up by the grounded 150’ floe. The temp. during this time was -25° but it did not seem so very cold.
Marvin’s tide igloo was split in two + some of the snow blocks fell, but he continued his observations + as soon as matters were quiet I sent Eskimos out to repair the damages. There were also oscillations in the water level.
Rafter: ice 'rafters' when pressure causes a floe to come up against and move over another floe.